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Wnt/β-catenin in ischemic myocardium: interactions and signaling pathways as a therapeutic target

  • Habib Haybar
  • Elahe Khodadi
  • Saeid ShahrabiEmail author
Article
  • 111 Downloads

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is still a factor of mortality in the whole world. Through canonical and noncanonical pathways and with different receptors, the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway plays an essential role in response to heart injuries. Wnt regulates the mobilization and proliferation of cells in endothelium and epicardium in an infarcted heart. Therefore, with its profibrotic effects as well as its antagonism with other proteins, Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway leads to beneficial effects on fibrosis and cardiac remodeling in myocardium. In addition, Wnt increases the proliferation and differentiation of cardiac progenitors in an ischemic heart. Complex interactions and dual activity of Wnt, the changes in its expression, and mutations that can change its activity during heart development have an adverse effect on cardiac myocardium after injury. However, targeting the Wnt in myocardium with cellular and molecular pathways can be suggested to improve and repair ischemic heart. Given these challenges, in this review article, we deal with the role of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway as well as its interactions with other cells and molecules in an ischemic myocardium.

Keywords

Wnt/β-catenin pathway Ischemia Myocardium 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We wish to thank all our colleagues in Golestan Hospital and Allied Health Sciences School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Research involving human participants and/or animals

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

Informed consent is not required for this type of study.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Atherosclerosis Research CenterAhvaz Jundishapur University of Medical SciencesAhvazIran
  2. 2.Research Center of Thalassemia and Hemoglobinopathy, Health research instituteAhvaz Jundishapur University of Medical SciencesAhvazIran
  3. 3.Department of biochemistry and hematology, faculty of medicineSemnan University of Medical SciencesSemnanIran

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