Heart Failure Reviews

, Volume 23, Issue 6, pp 849–857 | Cite as

Implantable devices to monitor patients with heart failure

  • Nikolaos KaramichalakisEmail author
  • John Parissis
  • George Bakosis
  • Vasiliki Bistola
  • Ignatios Ikonomidis
  • Antonios Sideris
  • Gerasimos Filippatos


Reducing heart failure hospitalizations represents a major challenge for modern clinicians. Early detection of congestion plays a key role in disease management strategy. Apart from traditional methods (patient reporting symptoms, body weight monitoring), novel home-care strategies allow guided adjustments in medical therapy through telemonitoring embedded in cardiac electronic implantable devices or through stand-alone diagnostic devices for hemodynamic monitoring. Wireless pulmonary artery pressure monitoring seems to reduce re-admission risk and is currently approved for this purpose in patients with heart failure. Multiparameter monitoring is also appealing and could be a valuable tool in managing these patients. However, invasive techniques face several safety concerns and cost-effectiveness issues. Therefore, quest for future research and emerging technologies is necessary.


Telemonitoring Heart failure Implantable hemodynamic monitoring devices Cardiac resynchronization therapy Implantable cardioverter defibrillator Review 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Authors Nikolaos Karamichalakis, George Bakosis, Vasiliki Bistola, Ignatios Ikonomidis, and Antonios Sideris declare no conflict of interest. Author John Parissis has received horonaria for lectures from Servier, Novartis, and Roche diagnostics. Author Gerasimos Filippatos is committee member in trials sponsored by Novartis, Medtronic, Bayer, and Servier.


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Copyright information

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Evangelismos General HospitalAthensGreece
  2. 2.Attikon General University HospitalChaidariGreece
  3. 3.Medical School, University of Cyprus, University House “Anastasios G. Leventis”NicosiaCyprus

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