Plant Growth Regulation

, Volume 87, Issue 2, pp 375–388 | Cite as

Pleiotropic influences of brassinosteroids on fruit crops: a review

  • Murlimanohar Baghel
  • A. Nagaraja
  • Manish Srivastav
  • Nirmal Kumar Meena
  • M. Senthil Kumar
  • Arun Kumar
  • R. R. SharmaEmail author
Review Paper


Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a group of naturally occurring plant steroidal compounds having varied biological activities. This group was recently added in the category of classical hormones and considered as sixth novel plant growth hormone. BRs regulate numerous important pomological attributes such as initiation and cessation of flowering, plant canopy architecture, micropropagation, cell division and elongation, vegetative growth, flowering, fruit set, fruit ripening, quality and yield. Besides, BRs can improve resistance/tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses. These are also known to enhance postharvest fruit quality. Owing to multiple and diverse physiological roles in plant growth and development, BRs have been collectively referred to as ‘pleotropic phytohormones’. In the present review, we have attempted to highlight the conceptual research and development of BRs with their wide range of physiological functions and economic significance in relation to modern fruit production.


Abiotic stress Biotic stress Brassinosteroids Fruit quality Fruit ripening Physiological functions 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors report no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Fruits and Horticultural TechnologyICAR-IARINew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Division of Food Science and Postharvest TechnologyICAR-IARINew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Division of Vegetable ScienceICAR-IIHRBengaluruIndia
  4. 4.School of Agricultural BiotechnologyPAULudhianaIndia

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