Plant Growth Regulation

, Volume 87, Issue 2, pp 277–286 | Cite as

Cloning and expression patterns of VQ-motif-containing proteins under abiotic stress in tea plant

  • Wei Chen
  • Yan-Xia Xu
  • Juan Mao
  • Wan-Jun Hao
  • Yu-Fei Liu
  • De-Jiang NiEmail author
  • Liang ChenEmail author
Original paper


VQ-motif-containing (VQ) proteins, featuring a conserved FxxxVQxxTG sequence, are a class of plant proteins that respond to diverse developmental processes. However, the VQ proteins in tea plant remain largely unknown. Here, we have cloned 15 VQ genes from Camellia sinensis that were identified from transcriptome data of the different tissues in tea cultivar ‘Longjing 43’, and five VQ proteins shared high identity with VQ proteins that in the genome of tea cultivar ‘Yunkang 10’. These identified VQ proteins were divided into seven groups based on their phylogenetic relationship, which also showed tissue-specific expression patterns. When exposed to different abiotic stresses, the majority of these CsVQ genes were remarkably up-regulated. Variations in expression patterns were also found in leaves and roots. We speculate that CsVQ proteins are important regulators during the growth and development of tea plant. Furthermore, our findings provide a fundamental understanding of VQ proteins in tea plant and helpful information for breeding stress-resistant tea cultivars.


VQ-motif-containing proteins Clone Abiotic stress Tea plant 



This work was supported by the Earmarked Fund for China Agriculture Research System (CARS-019), the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences through the Agricultural Science and Technology Innovation Program (CAAS-ASTIP-2017-TRICAAS), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 31500568, 31600562), Central Public-interest Scientific Institution Basal Research Fund (No. 1610212018013).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

There has no conflict of interest among authors.

Supplementary material

10725_2018_469_MOESM1_ESM.docx (271 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 271 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Tea Biology and Resources Utilization, Ministry of AgricultureTea Research Institute Chinese Academy of Agricultural SciencesHangzhouChina
  2. 2.College of Horticulture and Forestry ScienceHuazhong Agricultural UniversityWuhanChina

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