Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 66, Issue 5, pp 1107–1118 | Cite as

Ploidy levels and genetic diversity of Actinidia arguta (Siebold & Zucc.) Planch. ex Miq., A. kolomikta (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim., A. callosa Lindl., and A. melanandra Franch., accessions

  • Sigita BogačiovienėEmail author
  • Laima Česonienė
  • Sezai Ercisli
  • Andrius Valatavičius
  • Baltramiejus Jakštys
  • Saulius Šatkauskas
  • Algimantas Paulauskas
Research Article


In the present study, we have performed a comprehensive comparison of different accessions of the genus Actinidia. Simultaneously, we conducted a study of genetic diversity in both female and male plants to assist in the implementation of breeding processes. Different ploidy levels, viz. 2x, 4x, and 6x, were determined for A. kolomikta (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim., A. arguta (Siebold & Zucc.) Planch. ex Miq., A. callosa Lindl., and A. melanandra Franch., species. The genetic analysis of Actinidia cultivars and clones at 14 nuclear microsatellite loci showed the that accessions possessed high levels of genetic variability. The genetic analysis conducted by using the STRUCTURE population analysis software revealed high genetic variability between A. arguta cultivars and clones.


Kiwifruit A. kolomikta Genetic diversity Ploidy levels Flow cytometry 


Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Botanical Garden of Vytautas Magnus UniversityKaunasLithuania
  2. 2.Department of BiologyVytautas Magnus UniversityKaunasLithuania
  3. 3.Software Engineering DepartmentVilnius University Institute of Mathematics and InformaticsVilniusLithuania
  4. 4.Department of HorticultureAtaturk University Agricultural FacultyErzurumTurkey

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