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Multidisciplinary study of a little known landrace of Fagopyrum tataricum Gaertn. of Valtellina (Italian Alps)

  • Luca GiupponiEmail author
  • Gigliola Borgonovo
  • Sara Panseri
  • Annamaria Giorgi
Research Article
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Abstract

A little known landrace of Fagopyrum tataricum Gaertn. (“Grano Siberiano Valtellinese”) introduced at the end of the eighteenth century in the mountain areas of Valtellina (Northern Italy) has been analysed according to agronomical (plant height, number of flowers per plant, germinability and weight of the seeds), ecological (plant functional strategy), phytochemical (rutin, quercetin and fagopyrin content) and historical characteristics and compared it with other genotypes of F. tataricum and F. esculentum Moench. Analysis showed that “Grano Siberiano Valtellinese” is the genotype best adapted to the environmental conditions of the Valtellina and the most tolerant to stress (functional strategy: CS/CSR). It has a higher concentration of rutin in the seeds (764 ± 39 μg/g) and in the shoots (370 ± 66 μg/g) which make it interesting for the production of nutraceutical foods. In order to protect this landrace, its inclusion in the European Register of Conservation Varieties has been proposed.

Keywords

Buckwheats Rutin Quercetin Fagopyrin Landraces Nutraceutical food Mountain agriculture 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We wish to thank Nicol Moraschinelli, Marco Molinari, Valeria Leoni and Patrizio Mazzucchelli for their work in the field and in the laboratory, Manuel Pramsohler (Laimburg Research Center) for providing us an accession of F. tataricum, and Laura Ronchi of Lombardy Region. This research was supported by “Accordo di collaborazione fra Regione Lombardia e Ge.S.Di.Mont. per attività di ricerca scientifica ed applicata e di diffusione della conoscenza inerente il territorio montano lombardo (art. 4 c.7 l.r. 22/2016)” and by the “FISR-MIUR Italian Mountain Lab” project.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This research complies to the ethical rules applicable for this journal.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre of Applied Studies for the Sustainable Management and Protection of Mountain Areas – CRC Ge.S.Di.Mont.University of MilanEdoloItaly
  2. 2.Department of Food, Environmental and Nutritional SciencesUniversity of MilanMilanItaly
  3. 3.Department of Health, Animal Science and Food SafetyUniversity of MilanMilanItaly
  4. 4.Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences - Production, Landscape and AgroenergyUniversity of MilanMilanItaly

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