Advertisement

The earliest maturing pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh] germplasm bred at ICRISAT

  • R. K. SrivastavaEmail author
  • K. B. Saxena
Short Communication
  • 14 Downloads

Abstract

Adaptation of pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh], a short-day species, is restricted due to its sensitivity to photo-period. Earliness in this crop is reported to be linearly associated with photo-insensitivity; and this provides an opportunity to breed widely adapted cultivars through the selection for earliness. This research note reports breeding of the earliest maturing pigeonpea germplasm at ICRISAT. This germplasm, nicknamed as ‘super early’ and bred through the selection of transgressive segregants matured in < 90 days. It can be used as a source material in breeding early maturing cultivars and also can be introduced for cultivation in new production niches.

Keywords

Pigeonpea Early germplasm Super-early Cajanus Breeding Transgressive segregation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors sincerely acknowledge the help received from pigeonpea department staff members of ICRISAT in phenotyping work. This work has been published as part of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) Research Program on Grain Legumes, ICRISAT, India. ICRISAT is a member of the CGIAR System Organization.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest directly or indirectly and informed consent to publish this study and that the manuscript complies with the ethical standards of the journal.

References

  1. Byth DE, Wallis ES, Saxena KB (1981) Adaptation and breeding strategies for pigeonpea. In: Nene YL, Kumble V (eds) Proceedings of the international workshop on pigeonpeas, vol 1. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru, pp 450–465Google Scholar
  2. Chauhan YS (1990) Optimum agronomic management. In: Nene YL, Hall SD, Sheila VK (eds) The pigeonpea. CAB International, Wallingford, pp 257–278Google Scholar
  3. Dahiya SS, Chauhan YS, Johansen C, Waldia RS, Sekhon HS, Nandal JK (2002) Extra short duration pigeonpea for diversifying wheat based cropping systems in sub-tropics. Exp Agric 38:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Liu B, Wendel GF (2000) Retrotransposon activation followed by rapid repression in introgressed rice plants. Genome 43:874–880CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Michalak P (2009) Epigenetic transposones and small RNA determinants of hybrid dysfunctions. Heredity 102:45–50CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Remanandan P, Sastry DVSSR, Mengesha MH (1988) ICRISAT pigeonpea germplasm catalog. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), PatancheruGoogle Scholar
  7. Rieseberg LH, Archer MA, Wayne RK (1999) Transgressive segregation, adaptation, and speciation. Heredity 83:363–372CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Saxena KB (2008) Genetic improvement of pigeonpea—a review. Trop Plant Biol 1:159–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Saxena KB, Singh IS, Kumar RV, Hingane AJ, Mula MG, Patil SB, Sameerkumar CV (2014) Challenges and opportunities of breeding early maturing pigeonpea hybrids. J Food Legumes 27(1):1–8Google Scholar
  10. Saxena KB, Choudhary AK, Saxena RK, Varshney RK (2018) Breeding pigeonpea cultivars for intercropping—synthesis and strategies. Breed Sci.  https://doi.org/10.1270/jsbbs.17105 PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Saxena KB, Choudhary AK, Srivastava RK, Bohra A, Saxena RK, Varshney RK (2019) Origin of early maturing pigeonpea germplasm and its impact on adaptation and cropping systems. Plant Breed (accepted)Google Scholar
  12. Singh N, Tyagi RK, Pandey C (2013) Genetic resources of pigeonpea: conservation for use. Institute document. National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR), New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  13. Srivastava RK, Vales MI, Sultana R, Saxena KB, Kumar RV, Thanki HP, Sandhu JS, Choudhary KN (2012) Development of super early pigeonpea with good yield potential from early × early crosses. J SAT Agric Res 10:1–6Google Scholar
  14. Upadhyaya HD, Reddy KN, Gowda CLL, Singh S (2007) Phenotypic diversity in the pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) core collection. Genet Resour Crop Evol 54:1167–1184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Vales MI, Srivastava RK, Sultana R, Singh S, Singh I, Singh G, Patil SB, Saxena KB (2012) Breeding for earliness in pigeonpea: development of new determinate and non-determinate lines. Crop Sci 52:2507–2516CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Van der Maesen LJG (1980) India is the native home of pigeonpea. In: de Wit HCD (ed) Liber Grantulatorius innonerem. Agriculture University Wageningen, Wageningen, pp 257–262Google Scholar
  17. Wallis ES, Byth DE, Saxena KB (1981) Flowering responses of thirty-seven early maturing lines of pigeonpea. In: Nene YL, Kumble V (ed) Proceedings of the international workshop on pigeonpeas, vol 2, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru, pp 143–159Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)PatancheruIndia

Personalised recommendations