Food security and dietary diversity of tea workers of two tea gardens in greater Sylhet district of Bangladesh
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The study analyzed the food security and dietary diversity of tea workers in Lakkatura Tea Garden and Ootterbhag Tea garden in greater Sylhet district of Bangladesh. A total of 200 respondents (100 from each tea estate) were interviewed to evaluate the food security and dietary diversity. The study found that average daily per capita calorie intake by tea workers was 2095.96 kcal. In addition, around 85.30% of the total calorie intake was received from the rice consumption. Average per capita daily intake of rice was estimated at 538.51 gm which is higher than the national average. It was also observed that 71.7 and 65.0% households were food secure in Lakkatura and Ootterbhag Tea garden, respectively. In Lakkatura Tea Garden, 61.67% tea workers have medium dietary diversity and in Ootterbhag Tea Estate 49.47% tea workers have low dietary diversity. Using the logit model analysis, this study provides food consumption patterns of tea workers and determine the factors responsible for food security. Household size, farm income and daily calorie intake were found having significant influence on households’ food security. For improving socioeconomic conditions of tea workers, educational institution should be set up to improve their educational status and government should give loans for them at a low interest rate and create alternative job opportunity in off season.
KeywordsFood security Dietary diversity Logit model Tea workers Sylhet district
The research project was funded by University Grants Commission (UGC) of Bangladesh through Sylhet Agricultural University Research System (SAURES), Sylhet, Bangladesh. The researchers are thankful to the Managers of Lakkatura Tea Garden, Sylhet and Ootterbhag Tea Estate, Maulvibazar as well as to all tea workers of the tea gardens who supported for collecting data for the project.
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