pp 1–21 | Cite as

Utilizing GIS linked to AHP for landfill site selection in Rudbar County of Iran

  • Manoochehr Mortazavi ChamchaliEmail author
  • Amin Mohebbi Tafreshi
  • Ghazaleh Mohebbi Tafreshi


As landfill site selection is complicated action and needs attention to various local and non-local conditions such as social, economic, technical and environmental issues; it will require an applicable method, which is able to make proper connection between aforementioned conditions to help engineers in making the most appropriate decision about landfill site. The present study has used a mixture of GIS and multi criteria decision making system in context of the AHP method. So that site selection and prioritization of areas prone to construction of landfill were carried on at 3 stages according to violent morphological and often mountainous (Rudbar County) conditions. At the first stage, after collation of maps based on restriction criteria, improper areas for constructing the landfill were removed. At the second stage, by considering the dominant wind direction and proper area for landfill in a 20-year-old interval, those zones that their areas were more than 35 ha and were not located in the dominant wind direction, were identified as prone areas for constructing the landfill. At the last stage, among the selected areas, they were evaluated and compared by using hierarchical analysis, common standards and experts’ comments. Eventually, the prioritization of prone areas was done based on qualitative classification: excellent, very good, good, average, and weak were different ranks in terms of suitability for constructing landfill. Based on obtained results, 0.41% of understudied regions were classified as weak areas, 0.89% was average, 1.07% was good, 0.70% was very good, and 0.76% was grouped in excellent class.


Decision making Geographic information systems (GIS) Landfill Rudbar Waste disposal facilities 



The authors are thankful to Islamic Azad University (IAU) at Lahijan Branch for providing the necessary facilities to carry out this work.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict interest.

Ethical standards

It is confirmed that this manuscript is an original work of the authors and has not been published or under review in another refereed journal, and is not published anywhere.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Lahijan BranchIslamic Azad UniversityLahijanIran
  2. 2.Young Researchers and Elite Club, Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran

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