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The role of financial openness and China’s income on fossil fuels consumption: fresh evidence from Latin American countries

  • Matheus KoengkanEmail author
  • José Alberto Fuinhas
  • António Cardoso Marques


The impact of China’s financial openness and economic growth on consumption of fossil fuels was analyzed for a panel of ten Latin American countries, throughout 34 years (from 1980 to 2014). An autoregressive distributed lag in the form of unrestricted error correction model was used as the chosen econometric methodology. The results showed that the financial openness, as well as the economic growth of China, increase the fossil fuels consumption in the long-run, while the economic growth of Latin American countries increases the energy use in the short- and the long-run. Moreover, the empirical findings of this research have significant consequences to the local government’s appraisal of the relationship between financial openness, China’s economic growth and consumption of fossil fuels.


Fossil fuels consumption Financial openness Economic growth China 



This study was funded by NECE-Research Unit in Business Science and Economics, sponsored by the FCT-Portuguese Foundation for the Development of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education, Project UID/GES/04630/2019.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All the authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CEFAGE-UEÉvoraPortugal
  2. 2.Department of Economics, Colégio do Espírito SantoUniversity of ÉvoraÉvoraPortugal
  3. 3.NECE-UBICovilhãPortugal
  4. 4.Faculty of EconomicsUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  5. 5.University of Beira InteriorCovilhãPortugal
  6. 6.Centre for Business and Economics Research - CeBERCoimbraPortugal

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