, Volume 84, Issue 6, pp 1417–1427 | Cite as

Urban fire occurrences in the Dhaka Metropolitan Area

  • Tanjiba Rahman TishiEmail author
  • Ishrat Islam


Fire, with its sudden appearance and destructive character, causes property losses and sometimes death and injury within a short time. High density of population and structures make the urban areas more vulnerable to fire hazard. In this context, fire incidents are very common in Dhaka city and the city is experiencing huge economic loss due to the increasing trend of fire incidents. These incidents are spread through different land use categories and the frequency of incidents also varies in these categories. This paper focuses on the distribution pattern of fire incidents of Dhaka Metropolitan Area according to different land use categories and structure types. The hot spots have been identified on the basis of density of fire occurrences using Kernel Density tool. The result of the research will help the policy maker in executing proper land use zoning as well as ensuring fire safety so that the loss due to fire incidents can be controlled.


Dhaka Fire incident Spatial distribution Kernel Density tool 



The research work has been carried out with the fund of BUET to complete the degree of Master of Urban and Regional Planning (MURP).

Human and animal rights

The research does not directly involve the any human or animal participants.


  1. Anderson, T. (2009). Kernel Density estimation and K-means clustering to profile road accident hotspots. Accident Analysis and Prevention,41(3), 359–364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bangladesh Fire Service and Civil Defence (BFSCD). (2014). Record book.Google Scholar
  3. BBS. (2011). Population and housing census 2011, community report: Dhaka. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Statistics and Informatics Division. Ministry of Planning, Government of Bangladesh, Dhaka.Google Scholar
  4. FSCD Directorate. (2013) Stakeholder’s workshop on finalizing strategic management plan. Fire Service and Civil Defense Directorate, Ministry of home affairs, Bangladesh.Google Scholar
  5. Hacıoğlu, Ç. (2010). Spatial requirements of fire stations in urban areas: A case study of Ankara. M.Sc. thesis in Urban Design, Department of City and Regional Planning, Middle East Technical University, Turkey.Google Scholar
  6. Haque, Q. M. F. (2001). Fire hazard modeling in Dhaka city using GIS. MURP thesis, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology.Google Scholar
  7. Islam, Md. M., & Adri, N. (2008, June). Fire hazard management of Dhaka City: Addressing issues relating to institutional capacity and public perception. Jahangirnagar Planning Review, 6, 57–67. Retrieved from
  8. Jahan, N., Islam, S., & Hossain, Md. I. (2012). Developing fire risk index for chemical warehouse of old Dhaka. BURP thesis, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology.Google Scholar
  9. Liu, N., Huang, B., & Chandramouli, M. (2006). Optimal siting of fire stations using GIS and ANT algorithm. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, ASCE,20(5), 361–369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Mahmud, A. R., & Indriasarin, V. (2009). Facility location models development to maximize total service area. Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management, Special Number 1S. April, 2009. Retrived from
  11. Parajuli, A., Chand, D. B., Rayamajhi, B., Khanal, R., Baral, S., Malla, Y., & Poudel, S. (2015, September). Spatial and temporal distribution of forest fires in Nepal. XIV World Forestry Congress, Durban, South Africa. Retrieved from On November, 2015.
  12. Wang, J. H., Sun, J. H., Lo, S. M., Gao, L. J., & Yuen, R. K. K. (2011). Statistical analysis on the temporal-spatial characteristics of urban fires under typical urbanization features. Procedia Engineering,11, 437–444.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Williams, A. A. J., Karoly, D. J., & Tapper, N. (2001). The sensitivity of Australian fire danger to climate change. Climatic Change,49, 171–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Wing, M. G., & Long, J. (2015, January). A 25-year history of spatial and temporal trends in wildfire activity in Oregon and Washington, USA. Modern Applied Science, 9(3). Retrieved from On November, 2015.
  15. Wing, M. G. & Tynon, J. (2006, September). Crime mapping and spatial analysis in national forests. Journal of Forestry, 104(6), 293–298. Retrieved from

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Urban and Regional PlanningBangladesh University of Engineering and TechnologyDhakaBangladesh
  2. 2.Environment and Infrastructure Management Solution (EIMS) LimitedTejgaon, DhakaBangladesh

Personalised recommendations