GeoJournal

, Volume 83, Issue 2, pp 333–346 | Cite as

Status of climate-smart agriculture in southeast Nigeria

  • Robert Ugochukwu Onyeneke
  • Christiana Ogonna Igberi
  • Christian O. Uwadoka
  • Jonathan Ogbeni Aligbe
Article
  • 83 Downloads

Abstract

This paper explored the status of climate-smart agriculture (CSA) in southeast Nigeria using qualitative and quantitative methods in data collection. One hundred and sixty farmers were selected from the area. Also, focus group discussions were conducted. Data collected were subjected to qualitative analysis and logit regression. The study identified five broad and important practices relevant to CSA in southeast Nigeria, which include: adjusting agricultural production systems, mobility and social networks, farm financial management, diversification on and beyond the farm, and knowledge management and regulations. The determinants of CSA in southeast Nigeria include: education, income, credit, extension, livestock ownership, farming experience, land area cultivated, distance to the market and water resources, leadership position, risk orientation, gender, land ownership, household size, and mass media exposure. Government policies need to support research and development that develops and diffuses the climate-smart technologies to help farmers respond changes in climatic conditions.

Keywords

Climate-smart agriculture Qualitative and quantitative methods Status Determinants Southeast Nigeria 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

References

  1. Agele, S. O., Iremiren, G. O., & Ojeniye, S. O. (2000). Effects of tillage and mulching on the growth, development and yield of late-season tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) in the Humid South of Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Science, 134(1), 55–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aromolaran, A. B. (1998). Economics analysis of soil conservation practices in South Western Nigeria. Eleventh series of issues in African rural development monograph, October (pp. 1–28).Google Scholar
  3. Awoyinka, Y. A., Akinwumi, J. A., Okoruwa, V. O., & Oni, O. A. (2009). Effects of livelihood strategies and sustainable land management practices on food crop production efficiency in south–west Nigeria. Agricultural Journal, 4(3), 135–143.Google Scholar
  4. Babatunde, J. A., Salami, A. T., & Tadross, M. (2011). Developing climate change scenarios, biophysical impacts and adaptation strategies in Nigeria. A final report submitted to Nigerian Environmental Study/Action Team (NEST) as part of the Building Nigeria Response to Climate Change (BNRCC) Project.Google Scholar
  5. Bellarby, J., Foereid, B., & Smith, A. (2008). Cool farming: Climate impact of agriculture and mitigation potential. Amsterdam: Greenpeace International.Google Scholar
  6. Building Nigeria’s Response to Climate Change (BNRCC). (2011). National adaptation strategy and plan of action on climate change for Nigeria (NASPA-CCN). BNRCC worked in partnership with the climate change department of the federal ministry of environment, the Heinrich Böll Foundation and Nigeria. CAN as Lead Partners in development of the NASPA-CCN. Additional financial support was provided by UNDP Nigeria.Google Scholar
  7. CIMMYT (International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center). (1993). The adoption of agricultural technology: A guide for survey design. Mexico City: Economics Program.Google Scholar
  8. Eboh, E. C. (2009). Social and economic research: Principles and methods (2nd ed.). Enugu: African Institute for Applied Economics.Google Scholar
  9. Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (FMARD). (2014). National agricultural resilience framework. A Report by the Presidential Advisory Committee on Agricultural Resilience in Nigeria.Google Scholar
  10. Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (FMARD). (2016). The Agriculture Promotion Policy (2016–2020): Building on the successes of the ATA, closing key gaps. Policy and Strategy Document.Google Scholar
  11. Federal Ministry of Environment (FMEnv.). (2015). Nigeria’s intended nationally determined contribution. Submitted by The Federal Government of Nigeria Being a requirement by conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP-UNFCCC) in preparation for the adoption of climate change agreement at the Paris conference on climate change coming up in December, 2015.Google Scholar
  12. Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO). (2010). Climate-smart agriculture (CSA). Paper presented at the global conference on food security and climate change, in The Hague, Netherlands on November 2010.Google Scholar
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). (2006). Undernourished people worldwide. Retrieved August 6, 2010, from www.ifad.org/thermatic/rural/rural2htm.
  14. Franzel, S. (1999). Socioeconomic factors affecting the adoption potential of improved tree fallows in Africa. Agroforestry Systems, 47(1–3), 305–321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gbegeh, B. D. (2012). Adoption of selected improved agricultural technologies by farmers in Rivers State, Nigeria. M.Sc. thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension, and Rural Development. Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria.Google Scholar
  16. Gbetibouo, G. A. (2009). Understanding farmers’ perception and adaptations to climate change and variability: The case of the Limpopo Basin, South Africa. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) Discussion Paper 00849, February 2009. Environment and Production Technology Division, IFPRI.Google Scholar
  17. Greene, W. H. (2003). Econometric analysis (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  18. Gujarati, D. N. (1995). Basic econometrics (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Inc.Google Scholar
  19. Headey, D. (2011). Was the global food crisis really a crisis? Simulations versus self- reporting, IFPRI Discussion Paper 01087, May 2011.Google Scholar
  20. Kalu, C., Edet, D. I., & Chukwuenye, C. E. (2014). Assessment of afforestation and reforestation efforts by Forestry Department, Ministry Of Environment, Imo State. Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environmental, 6(2), 54–65.Google Scholar
  21. Knowler, D., & Bradshaw, B. (2007). Farmers’ adoption of conservation agriculture: A review and synthesis of recent research. Food Policy, 32(1), 25–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Maddison, D. (2006). The perception of and adaptation to climate change in Africa. CEEPA. Discussion Paper No. 10. Centre for Environmental Economics and Policy in Africa. Pretoria: University of Pretoria.Google Scholar
  23. Makokaha, H., Odera, H., Maritim, I. I. K., Okalebo, J. K., & Iruria, D. M. (1999). Farmers’ perception and adoption of soil management technologies in Western Kenya. Journal of African Crop Science, 7(4), 549–558.Google Scholar
  24. Microsoft Corporation. (2009). Microsoft Encarta Premium Suite 2009 (Software). Microsoft Corporation, USA.Google Scholar
  25. National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) (2006). Official Gazette (FGP 71/52007/2,500(OL24): Legal notice on publication of the details of the breakdown of the national and state provisional totals, 2006 Census. www.nigerianstat.gov.ng. Accessed 28 Oct 2011.
  26. NEST, & Woodley, E. (2011). Reports of pilot projects in community-based adaptation-climate change in Nigeria. Building Nigeria’s response to climate change (BNRCC). Ibadan: Nigerian Environmental Study/Action Team (NEST).Google Scholar
  27. Ngugi, L. W., Rao, K. P. C., Oyoo, A., & Kwena, K. (2015). Opportunities for coping with climate change and variability through adoption of soil and water conservation technologies in semi-arid Eastern Kenya. In W. L. Filho, A. O. Esilaba, K. P. C. Rao, & G. Sridhar (Eds.), Adapting african agriculture to climate change: Transforming rural livelihoods. Climate change management. Switzerland: Springer.Google Scholar
  28. Nigerian Environmental Study Action Team (NEST). (2011a). Reports of research projects on impacts and adaptation. Building Nigeria’s response to climate change (BNRCC). Ibadan: Nigerian Environmental Study/Action Team (NEST).Google Scholar
  29. Nigerian Environmental Study Action Team (NEST). (2011b). Gender and climate change adaptation: Tools for community-level action in Nigeria. Ibadan: Nigerian Environmental Study/Action Team (NEST).Google Scholar
  30. Niggli, U., Fliesssbach, A., & Hepperly, P. (2008). Low greenhouse gas agriculture, mitigation and adaptation potential of sustainable farming systems. Rome: FAO.Google Scholar
  31. Norris, E., & Batie, S. (1987). Virginia farmers’ soil conservation decisions: An application of Tobit analysis. Southern Journal of Agricultural Economics, 19(1), 89–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Nwajiuba, C., & Onyeneke, R. (2010). Economic effects of climate on the agriculture of sub-Saharan Africa: Lessons from Nigeria. Paper presented at the 10th global conference on business and economics, St. Hugh’s College, Oxford University, June 28–29, 2010.Google Scholar
  33. Nwajiuba, C. U., Onyeneke, R. U., & Yakubu, A. A. (2011). Climate change adaptation strategy technical report for Nigeria: Agriculture sector. A compendium of studies commissioned and published by Building Nigeria’s Response to Climate Change (BNRCC) Project Coordinated by the Nigerian Environmental Study/Action Team (NEST) 1 Oluokun Street, Off Awolowo Avenue, Bodija UI-P.O Box 22025 Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.Google Scholar
  34. Nwajiuba, C., Tambi, E. N., & Bangali, S. (2015). State of knowledge on CSA in Africa: Case studies from Nigeria, Cameroon and Democratic Republic of Congo. Accra: Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa.Google Scholar
  35. Nwosu, C. S., Onyeneke, R. U., Joshua, B. N., Mmagu, C. J., & Nwaodu, K. T., (2014). Perception on and adaptation to climate change by farming households in Etim Ekpo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Paper presented at the 14th annual national conference of the Nigerian Association of Agricultural Economists, Federal University of Technology, Akure, February 24–27, 2014.Google Scholar
  36. Olaitan, S. O., & Omomia, O. A. (2006). Round-up agricultural science; A complete guide. Lagos: Longman Nigerian PLC.Google Scholar
  37. Onyeneke, R. U. (2010). Climate change and crop farmers’ adaptation measures in the Southeast Rainforest Zone of Nigeria. M.Sc. thesis submitted to the Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development, Imo State University, Owerri.Google Scholar
  38. Onyeneke, R. U., Iruo, F. A., & Ogoko, I. M. (2012). Micro-level analysis of determinants of farmers’ adaptation measures to climate change in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria: Lessons from Bayelsa State. Nigerian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 3(1), 9–18.Google Scholar
  39. Onyeneke, R. U., & Madukwe, D. K. (2010). Adaptation measures by crop farmers in the southeast rainforest of Nigeria to climate change. Science World Journal, 5(1), 32–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Onyeneke, R., & Nwajiuba, C. (2010). Socio-economic effects of crop farmers in adapation measures to climate change in the southeastern Rainforest Zone of Nigeria. Paper presented at the 11th annual national conference of the Nigerian Association of Agricultural Economists, Federal University of Technology, Minna, 30th November–3rd December, 2010.Google Scholar
  41. Onyeneke, R. U., Nwosu, C. S., Nwajiuba, C. U., Okoye, V. K., & Mmagu, C. J. (2014). Comparative analysis of adaptive capacity and autonomous adaptation practices to climate change by farming households in Nnewi South Local Government Area, Anambra State, Nigeria. Paper presented at the 14th annual national conference of the Nigerian Association of Agricultural Economists, Federal University of Technology, Akure, February 24–27, 2014.Google Scholar
  42. Pattanayak, S. K., Mercer, D. E., Sills, E., & Jui-Chen, Y. (2003). Taking stock of agroforestry adoption studies. Agroforestry Systems, 57(3), 173–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Rogers, E. M. (1983). Diffusion of innovations (3rd ed.). New York: The Free Press.Google Scholar
  44. Suyamto, H., & Howeler, R. H. (2001). Cultural practices for soil erosion control in cassava-based cropping systems in Indonesia. International Erosion Control Association, Ground and Water Bioengineering for the Asia-Pacific Region. P. 3–4. Retrieved December 24, 2010 from http://ciat-Library.ciat.cgiar.Org/articulos-ciat/culturalpratices_for_soilpdf.
  45. Yirga, C. T. (2007). The dynamics of soil degradation and incentives for optimal management in Central Highlands of Ethiopia. Ph.D. thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension, and Rural Development. University of Pretoria, South Africa.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Ugochukwu Onyeneke
    • 1
  • Christiana Ogonna Igberi
    • 1
  • Christian O. Uwadoka
    • 2
  • Jonathan Ogbeni Aligbe
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Agriculture (Agricultural Economics and Extension)Federal University Ndufu-Alike, Ikwo, Ebonyi State, NigeriaAbakalikiNigeria
  2. 2.Entrepreneurship and Employability CentreFederal University Ndufu-Alike IkwoAbakalikiNigeria
  3. 3.Department of Planning, Policy Analysis and StatisticsFederal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural DevelopmentBenin CityNigeria

Personalised recommendations