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Evaluation of P and S Wave Velocities and Their Return Energy of Rock Specimen at Various Lateral and Axial Stresses

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Determining the engineering characteristics of rocks is one of the most important challenges in designing construction projects. The triaxial rock testing is one of the most common tests to determine rock engineering properties. In this paper, dynamic properties of a pyroclastic rock specimen have been investigated using multiple ultrasonic tests during rock loading in the servo-controlled triaxial machine. In order to determine these properties, the velocity of P and S waves and the return energy of these waves at different axial and lateral stresses on a rock specimen were evaluated. The results show that the increase of the axial stress to the rock specimen increases the velocity of these waves and their return energy. However, the effect of increasing lateral stress can only be clearly seen in the return energy of the wave. In addition, the ratio of P to S wave velocities (VP/VS) at different axial and lateral stresses ranges from 1.25 to 1.40 and the ratio of the return energies of these waves is approximately between 1.5 and 2.5.

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The authors thank Mr. Meisam Razifard and Mrs. Hoora Ahmadi of FAN Consulting Engineering Laboratories at Tehran, Iran for their help in carrying out the experimental tests.

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Correspondence to Rassoul Ajalloeian.

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Heidari, M., Ajalloeian, R., Ghazifard, A. et al. Evaluation of P and S Wave Velocities and Their Return Energy of Rock Specimen at Various Lateral and Axial Stresses. Geotech Geol Eng (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10706-020-01221-9

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  • Servo-controlled triaxial machine
  • Rock dynamic properties
  • Wave velocity
  • Wave return energy