Geotechnical and Geological Engineering

, Volume 37, Issue 5, pp 4527–4537 | Cite as

Study on Dynamic Tensile Strength of Red Sandstone Under Impact Loading and Negative Temperature

  • Renshu Yang
  • Shizheng FangEmail author
  • Dongming Guo
  • Weiyu Li
  • Zhuangzhuang Mi
Original Paper


In western China, red sandstone is widely distributed. This type of rock is susceptible to generate cracks after being disturbed, and thus becomes a communication channel for groundwater, which poses a great hidden danger in Engineering, such as shaft and tunnel construction. To solve this problem, artificial freezing method is applied to underground engineering. This article focuses on the dynamic tensile strength of red sandstone (RS) at negative temperatures. According to the actual freezing temperature in the site, the temperature range was set to − 5, − 10, − 20 °C in the test, and the rock at normal temperature was set as a control group. The results show that the tensile strength of RS at temperatures below zero is significantly greater than the tensile strength of rock at normal temperature, and − 10 °C is a turning point of rock strength. In order to reveal the mechanism of this change, the scanning electron microscopic (SEM) technique was used to observe the rock fragments after the rock rupture. It is found that the rock fracture patterns are closely related to the rock cement property and its environmental temperature.


Dynamic tensile strength Frozen red sandstone SHPB Fracture pattern 



Brazilian disc


Split Hopkinson pressure bar


Red sandstone


Frozen red sandstone


Scanning electron microscope


X-ray diffraction


Longitudinal wave

List of Symbols


Incident wave strain


Transmitted wave strain


Reflected wave strain


Cross-section area of SHPB bar


Young’s moduli of aluminum alloy


Elastic wave velocity of aluminum alloy


Maximum value of the quasi-static force


Front end of specimen


Rear end of specimen


Circular constant


Diameter of the specimen


Thickness of the lspecimen


Quasi-static tensile strength


Dynamic tensile strength

\(\dot{\sigma }\)

Loading rate



The authors sincerely thank the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFC0600903), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51774287) for their financial supports


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Renshu Yang
    • 1
    • 3
  • Shizheng Fang
    • 2
    Email author
  • Dongming Guo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Weiyu Li
    • 2
  • Zhuangzhuang Mi
    • 2
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory for Geo-mechanics and Deep Underground EngineeringChina University of Mining and TechnologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Mechanics and Civil EngineeringChina University of Mining and TechnologyBeijingChina
  3. 3.School of Civil and Resource EngineeringUniversity of Science and Technology BeijingBeijingChina

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