Geotechnical and Geological Engineering

, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 267–281 | Cite as

Advance Grouting Test Using Seismic Prospecting Method in TBM Tunneling: A Case Study in the Water Supply Project from Songhua River, Jilin, China

  • Lei Chen
  • Huitao Wang
  • Xinji Xu
  • Qingsong Zhang
  • Ningbo LiEmail author
  • Lingli Zhang
Original Paper


Advance grouting is an important approach to reinforce the rock mass ahead of the tunnel face in TBM tunneling. To estimate the grouting result in TBM tunneling, a test method based on seismic ahead prospecting method was proposed. To check the grouting result, the seismic ahead prospecting was applied firstly to obtain the distribution and location of adverse geologies for grouting; Then, the geological conditions was estimated again after grouting; By studying the characteristics of reflections and velocity distributions, the grouting result could be checked. Numerical simulations prove the availability: Wave field snapshots indicate the energy of reflected waves reduces after grouting; Migration results indicate that the reflections reduce or disappear after advance grouting, as well as the estimated velocity increases. Moreover, the method was successfully applied in the diversion tunnel of the water supply project from Songhua River, which reveals the grouting result well and provides important geological guidance for construction.


Tunnel Grouting test Seismic ahead prospecting Velocity analysis Migration result Case study 



This work was supported by the National Program on Key Basic Research Project of China (973 Program) under Grant Nos. 2014CB046901 and 2015CB058101), the National Key Scientific Instrument and Equipment Development Project (Grant No. 51327802), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51739007), the Key Research and Development Plan (Major Key Technology) of Shandong Province (Grant Nos. 2016ZDJS02A01 and 2016GSF120001), Major Science and Technology Projects of Henan Province (Grant No. 161100211100), National Key Research and Development Plan (Grant Nos. 2016YFC0401805 and 2016YFC0801604) and Transportation and Technology Plan of Shandong (Grant No. 2016B20).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lei Chen
    • 1
  • Huitao Wang
    • 1
  • Xinji Xu
    • 1
  • Qingsong Zhang
    • 1
  • Ningbo Li
    • 2
    Email author
  • Lingli Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Geotechnical and Structural Engineering Research CenterShandong UniversityJinanChina
  2. 2.Water Recourses and Hydropower Planning and Design General InstituteBeijingChina

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