Advertisement

Geotechnical and Geological Engineering

, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 2749–2760 | Cite as

Prediction of Time to Soil Failure Based on Creep Strength Reduction Approach

  • Thi Thanh Thuy Tran
  • Hemanta Hazarika
  • I. Gde Budi Indrawan
  • Dwikorita Karnawati
Original paper
  • 104 Downloads

Abstract

Soils experience the unrecoverable, continuous deformation known as creep when they are subjected to a stage of constant deviator stress. Creep deformation is due to extrusion of adsorbed water in clay particles, causing the non-recoverable deformation and eventually reduction in the soil shear strength. This study aims to develop a method to determine the creep strength reduction behaviour of soils and prediction of time to occurrence of the creep failure. Case studies on clayey soils including halloysite-rich soil and smectite-rich soil were chosen. A series of triaxial creep tests were conducted in order to obtain the necessary experimental data. Based on the results, the ultimate long-term creep strength or critical stress level of halloysite-rich soil and smectite-rich soil was 85 and 55% of the soil peak strength, respectively. The ultimate time of creep strength reduction in halloysite-rich soil and smectite-rich soil was 10.34 and 46.08 years, respectively. The maximum creep strength reduction ratio of halloysite-rich soil and smectite-rich soil was 0.2 and 0.45, respectively. The developed method allowed predicting time to creep failure of soil specimens.

Keywords

Time to creep failure Creep strength reduction Long-term strength reduction 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to express their gratitude to AUN/Seed-Net program for the financial support of the study. Without this program, this research cannot be achieved. Also, many thanks go to Gadjah Mada University (UGM) and Geological Engineering Department for being host institute under the umbrella of AUN/SEED-Net project. Also, thanks to Kyushu University and Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, for being the supporting institute during the research period in Japan. Finally, help and support from Geotechnical Engineering Research Laboratory Staff of Kyushu University during experimental period are much appreciated.

References

  1. Allen DL (1973) The creep response of cohesive soils: a method of design using rheological strength parameters. In: Final report 382, KYHPR65-38, HPR-1(9), Part II, Devision of Research, Bureau of Highways, Department of Transportation, Commonwealth of KentuckyGoogle Scholar
  2. Anderson EW (1977) Soil creep: an assessment of certain controlling factors with special reference to upper Weardale England. Thesis (Ph.D.), Durham University. Durham E-Theses Online: http://etheses.dur.ac.uk/8394/, 1–585
  3. Emery JJ (1966) Finite element analysis of creep problems in soil mechanics. Thesis (Ph.D.), Department of Civil Engineering, The University of British Columbia, pp 1–155Google Scholar
  4. Franca FAN, Bueno BS (2011) Creep behavior of geosynthetics using confined-accelerated tests. Geosynthetics Int 18(5):242–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Fredrik K, Anders P (2003) Modeling non-linear dynamics of rubber bushings – parameter identification and validation. KFS I Lund AB, Lund, Sweden, pp 1–144Google Scholar
  6. Fukuzono T (1985) A new method for predicting the failure time of a slope. In: Proceeding IV, international conference and field workshop on landslides, Tokyo, pp 145–150Google Scholar
  7. Goldstein MN, Babitskaya SS (1959) Methods of determining the long term strength of soils. Osn Fund I Mekh Gruntov 4:11–14Google Scholar
  8. Highland LM, Bobrowsky P (2008) The landslide handbook—a guide to understanding landslides. U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, pp 1–129Google Scholar
  9. Johnson LD (1967) Consolidated-undrained triaxial creep test of ST. Charles Parish Lakefront clays, US. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station Soils and Pavements Laboratory, pp 1–50Google Scholar
  10. Kwork CY, Bolton MD (2010) DEM simulations of thermally activated creep in soils. Geotechnique 60(6):425–433Google Scholar
  11. Owens IF (1967) Mass movement in the Chilton valley. Thesis (Master), Arts in Geography, pp 1–92Google Scholar
  12. Purushothama PR (2008) Soil mechanics and foundation engineering—chapter 9: shear strength of soils. Dorling Kindersley Pvt. Ltd., Noida, pp 243–286Google Scholar
  13. Quantin P (1991) Specificity of the halloysite-rich tropical or subtropical soil. O.R.S.T.O.M. Fonas Documentare, No. 31994, pp 16–21Google Scholar
  14. Saito M, Uezawa H (1960) An experimental study on creep rupture of soil. In: Railway technical research report, no. 128Google Scholar
  15. Sayles FH (1973) Triaxial and creep tests on frozen Ottawa sand. Permafrost: North American contribution [to the] second international conference, pp 384–391Google Scholar
  16. Singh A, Mitchell JK (1968) A general stress–strain–time function for soils. J Soil Mech Found Div ASCE 94:21–46Google Scholar
  17. Soga K (2005) Lecture 3: time effects observed in granular materials. Socioenvironmental engineering, COE Hokkaido University, Hokkaido, Japan, http://www.eng.hokudai.ac.jp/COE-area/workshop/pdf/05feb_lec_soga3.pdf, pp 1–22. Accessed 8 Oct 2017
  18. Suhonen K (2010) Creep of soft clay. Thesis (Master), Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Allto University, pp 1–103Google Scholar
  19. Terzaghi K (1950) Mechanism of landslides—application of geology to engineering practice. Berkey volume. Geological Society of America, New York, pp 83–123Google Scholar
  20. Van Asch TWJ, Genuchten PMBV (1990) A comparison between theoretical and measured creep profiled of landslides. Geomorphology 3:45–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Van Asch TWJ, Deimel MS, Haak WJ, Simon J (1989) Viscous creep component in shallow clayey soil and the influence of tree load on creep rates. Earth Surf Proc Land 14:557–564CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Vermeer PA, Neher HP (2000) A soft soil model that accounts for creep. Beyond 2000. In: Computational geotechnics—10 years of Plaxis international, ISBN 905809040, pp 1–13Google Scholar
  23. Vyalov SS (1966) Methods of determining creep, long-term strength and compressibility characteristics of frozen soils. Natl Res Counc Can Tech Transl, TT, p 1364Google Scholar
  24. Vyalov SS (1986) Chapter 9: long-term strength of soil—rheological fundamentals of foil mechanics. In: Developments in geotechnical engineering, vol 36. Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., pp 285–338Google Scholar
  25. Weisstein EW (2017) Least squares fitting-logarithmic. From MathWorld–a wolfram web resource. http://mathworld.wolfram.com/LeastSquaresFittingLogarithmic.html. Accessed 30 Sept 2017
  26. Ye Y, Zhang Q, Cai D, Chen F, Yao J, Wang L (2013) Study on new method of accelerated clay creep characteristics test. In: Proceedings of the 18th international conference on soil mechanics and geotechnical engineering, Paris, pp 461–464Google Scholar
  27. Ziemer RR (1977) Measurement of soil creep by inclinometer. In: Engineering technical report, forest service, U.S. Department of Agriculture Washington, D.C. 20013, pp 1–10Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geological Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringGadjah Mada UniversityYogyakartaIndonesia
  2. 2.Geotechnical Engineering Group, Department of Civil EngineeringKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan

Personalised recommendations