Geotechnical and Geological Engineering

, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 2749–2760 | Cite as

Prediction of Time to Soil Failure Based on Creep Strength Reduction Approach

  • Thi Thanh Thuy TranEmail author
  • Hemanta Hazarika
  • I. Gde Budi Indrawan
  • Dwikorita Karnawati
Original paper


Soils experience the unrecoverable, continuous deformation known as creep when they are subjected to a stage of constant deviator stress. Creep deformation is due to extrusion of adsorbed water in clay particles, causing the non-recoverable deformation and eventually reduction in the soil shear strength. This study aims to develop a method to determine the creep strength reduction behaviour of soils and prediction of time to occurrence of the creep failure. Case studies on clayey soils including halloysite-rich soil and smectite-rich soil were chosen. A series of triaxial creep tests were conducted in order to obtain the necessary experimental data. Based on the results, the ultimate long-term creep strength or critical stress level of halloysite-rich soil and smectite-rich soil was 85 and 55% of the soil peak strength, respectively. The ultimate time of creep strength reduction in halloysite-rich soil and smectite-rich soil was 10.34 and 46.08 years, respectively. The maximum creep strength reduction ratio of halloysite-rich soil and smectite-rich soil was 0.2 and 0.45, respectively. The developed method allowed predicting time to creep failure of soil specimens.


Time to creep failure Creep strength reduction Long-term strength reduction 



The authors would like to express their gratitude to AUN/Seed-Net program for the financial support of the study. Without this program, this research cannot be achieved. Also, many thanks go to Gadjah Mada University (UGM) and Geological Engineering Department for being host institute under the umbrella of AUN/SEED-Net project. Also, thanks to Kyushu University and Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, for being the supporting institute during the research period in Japan. Finally, help and support from Geotechnical Engineering Research Laboratory Staff of Kyushu University during experimental period are much appreciated.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geological Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringGadjah Mada UniversityYogyakartaIndonesia
  2. 2.Geotechnical Engineering Group, Department of Civil EngineeringKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan

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