Geotechnical and Geological Engineering

, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 2097–2108 | Cite as

Design of a Displacement Monitoring System Based on Optical Grating and Numerical Verification in Geomechanical Model Test of Water Leakage of Tunnel

  • Shang-qu Sun
  • Shu-cai Li
  • Li-ping LiEmail author
  • Shao-shuai Shi
  • Zong-qing Zhou
  • Cheng-lu Gao
Original paper


The displacement monitoring of surrounding rock is necessary in geomechanical model test. However, traditional monitoring technology is difficult to meet the needs of displacement monitoring in small geological model tests. To solve the problems mentioned above, the authors developed a multi-point displacement monitoring system based on optical grating including multi-point extensometer, grating scale and multi-channel data acquisition system. Firstly, 3D anchor head with six barbs is designed and connected to the grating ruler by the steel wire, which proved to be rather sensitive to the rock deformation. Additionally, the displacement data collected can be transformed into electrical signal, which can be obtained by multi-channel acquisition system. Finally, the system was used in the model test of tunnel water leakage. The designed anchors were pre-embedded in some key monitoring points around the section in order to investigate measurement of displacements in the lining during the loading of geostress and hydraulic pressure. Afterward, FLAC3D, the finite-difference method, is adopted to simulate the whole process of physical model test and to compare with the experimental results. The results show that the experimental data was in good agreement with the numerical simulation results. In conclusion, the multi-point displacement monitoring system based on optical grating has higher precision and can be widely used in the physical model test of geotechnical engineering.


Grating Displacement Monitoring system Model test Water leakage of tunnel 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Number: 51139004); Shandong Province Postdoctoral Special Funds for Innovative Projects (Grant Number: 201002032); National Natural Science Foundation of China (General Program) (Grant Number: 51479106); the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province of China (Grant Number: 2014ZRE27303). Great appreciation goes to the editorial board and the reviewers of this paper.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Center of Geotechnical and Structural EngineeringShandong UniversityJinanChina

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