Assessment of the Geotechnical Behavior of Collapsible Soils: A Case Study of the Mohammad-Abad Railway Station Soil in Semnan

  • Mohsen ZamaniEmail author
  • Kazem Badv
Original Paper


Collapsible soils are a type of problematic soils which are found in many regions of Iran. These soils show sudden and irreversible reduction in volume with applied stress at constant moisture content or with increase in moisture content at a constant stress level or changes in both. The purpose of this research was to assess the geotechnical properties of loess soil around Mohammad-Abad of Semnan railway station and determine its collapsibility potential. Remolded soil samples were tested for their collapsibility using oedometer tests. In addition, the application of Cement Kiln Dust (CKD) to reduce collapsibility of two types of soils collected from this region was studied. The results indicate that the types of aggregation, clay content, salt, and porosity had a significant impact on the collapse phenomenon of the tested soils. The addition of CKD to both soils types resulted in more than 50% reduction in the collapsibility potential.


Collapsible soils Loess soils Geotechnical assessment Soil improvement Cement kiln dust (CKD) 



Authors acknowledge Urmia University for supporting this research.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUrmia UniversityUrmiaIran

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