Evaluation of Cement-Stabilized Mine Tailings as Pavement Foundation Materials

  • Adel DjellaliEmail author
  • Mohamed Salah Laouar
  • Behrooz Saghafi
  • Abdelkader Houam
Original Paper


Waste disposal is an important topic for cities today. We have shown for the first time how to make sewage sludge disposal safer, more environmentally friendly and still to obtain some benefit from it, namely energy, from its organic content. The main purpose of this paper is to present a laboratory tests results based on investigation carried out on the tailings of Boukhadra Mine in Algeria, in order to find out their suitability for use in road embankments, and pavement foundations. Three types of tailings, namely as marl, limestone and iron ore wastes, were initially tested to find the most suitable of them for application in pavement structures. Having presented more compliant properties, limestone waste, after being treated with cement, was tested with modified Proctor compaction, compressive strength (CS) and California Bearing Ratio (CBR) tests. At 2% intervals, the cement content of the mixtures is varied from 0 to 6%. Test results showed that an increase of cement content in the mixture would increase maximum dry density and decrease optimum moisture content of the compacted mixture. The increases in CBR and CS values qualifying the mixtures for use in Algerian pavement foundation were also noted, indicating that the limestone waste from Boukhadra Mine has the potential to be directed to an outlet for recycling.


Waste characterization Embankments Limestone Boukhadra Mine NE Algeria 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the support given by the team of Boukhadra Mine and also Civil Engineering laboratory of Larbi Tebessi University, for their support and help to complete this work. As well, a special gratitude is expressed to Mrs. Djallel Marouane, Boutadara Abdelkader and Abderrahim, for their assistance in the accomplishment of the laboratory tests and the study was funded by Mining laboratory with Grant No. A01L02UN120120150001.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adel Djellali
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohamed Salah Laouar
    • 2
  • Behrooz Saghafi
    • 3
  • Abdelkader Houam
    • 4
  1. 1.Civil Engineering DepartmentLarbi Tebessi UniversityTebessaAlgeria
  2. 2.Mining Laboratory, Civil Engineering DepartmentLarbi Tebessi UniversityTebessaAlgeria
  3. 3.School of EngineeringThe University of LiverpoolLiverpoolUK
  4. 4.Civil Engineering Department, College of EngineeringKing Khalid UniversityAbhaKingdom of Saudi Arabia

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