Advertisement

Experimental Study on Strength and Deformation Characteristics of Rock–Concrete Composite Specimens Under Compressive Condition

  • Baoyun ZhaoEmail author
  • Yang Liu
  • Tianzhu Huang
  • Xiaoping Wang
Original Paper
  • 77 Downloads

Abstract

Uniaxial and conventional triaxial tests were conducted on low-strength sandstone, concrete, and integral rock–concrete composite specimens by using TFD-2000 computer servo-controlled triaxial rock rheology testing machine, and the deformation and strength characteristics of rock–concrete composite specimens were studied. According to the test results, the uniaxial compression curves of the rock–concrete composite specimens can be divided into five distinct characteristic stages with peak stress up to 30.56 MPa, and brittle–ductile failure happens to the specimens. Under triaxial compression, the rock–concrete composite specimens have ductile dilatation failure (mainly compression), and the curves have obvious failure load, showing a linear change. In addition, the volumetric dilatation failure stress and yield stress of the rock–concrete composite specimens are basically the same, and the turning point of dilatation gets higher with the increasing confining pressure. Confining pressure can make the rock–concrete composite specimens more resistant to deformation and failure. The test results provide new ideas and basis for studying deformation and failure of rock–concrete composite and establishing constitutive equations.

Keywords

Sandstone Concrete Composite specimen Deformation Strength characteristic 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was partially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41302223), Chongqing No. 3 colleges and universities youth backbone teachers funding plans, Chongqing Research Program of Basic Research and Frontier Technology (cstc2016jcyjA0074, cstc2016jcyjA0933, cstc2015jcyjA90012), Scientific and Technological Research Program of Chongqing Municipal Education Commission (KJ1713327, KJ1600532), Chongqing University of Science and Technology Graduate Student Science and Technology Innovation Program(YKJCX720601).

References

  1. Aditya S, Chandan K, Gopi Kannan L, Seshagiri Rao K, Ayothiraman R (2018) Engineering properties of rock salt and simplified closed-form deformation solution for circular opening in rock salt under the true triaxial stress state. Eng Geol 243:218–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alan B, Jiang S (2018) Numerical analysis and capacity evaluation of composite sprayed concrete lined tunnels. Undergr Space 3(2):87–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bennett KC, Borja RI (2018) Hyper-elastoplastic/damage modeling of rock with application to porous limestone. Int J Solids Struct 143:218–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fairhurst CE, Hudson JA (1993) Draft ISRM suggested method for the complete stress train curve for the intact rock in uniaxial compression. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 36(3):279–289Google Scholar
  5. General administration of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine of the People’s Republic of China & national standardization administration of China (2011) GB/T14684-2011. Sand for construction. China standard press, Beijing (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  6. General administration of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine of the People’s Republic of China & national standardization administration of China (2011) GB/T14685-2011. Pebble and crushed stone for construction. China standard press, Beijing (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  7. Ministry of construction of the People’s Republic of China & general administration of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine (2002) GB/T 50081-2002. Standard for test method of mechanical properties on ordinary concrete. China building industry press, Beijing (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  8. General administration of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine of the People’s Republic of China & national standardization administration of China (2007) GB175-2007. Common portland cement. China standard press, Beijing (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  9. Gutiérrez-C Senent S, Melentijevic S, Jimenez R (2018) Distinct element method simulations of rock–concrete interfaces under different boundary conditions. Eng Geol 240:123–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hatem K, Hélène C, Christian L, Benoit M, Hu CT (2018) Evolution of mechanical properties of concrete with temperature and humidity at high temperatures. Cem Concr Comp 91:59–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hoek E, Brown ET (1980) Empirical strength criterion for rock masses. ASCE J Geotech Eng Div 106(GT9):1013–1035Google Scholar
  12. Hoek E, Carranza TC, Corkum B (2002) Hoek–Brown failure criterion-2002 edition. In: Proceedings of NARMS-TAC 2002, mining innovation and technology. University of Toronto, Toronto, pp 267–273Google Scholar
  13. Job T, Nassif N, Thaickavil Wilson PM (2018) Strength and durability of concrete containing recycled concrete aggregates. J Build Eng 19:349–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kamran P, Aliakbar G, Minoru S, Takato T, Manabu T (2018) Crack tensor-based evaluation of Inada granite behavior due to damage under true-triaxial testing condition. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 106:30–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ministry of Water Resources of the Peoples Republic of China (2001) SL264-2001 water conservancy and hydropower engineering specifications for rock tests. China Water Power Press, Beijing (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  16. Paul B, Adrian S, Alexandru S (2018) Mohr–Coulomb criterion with circular failure envelope, extended to materials with strength-differential effect. Mater Des 148:49–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Wang Q, Pan R, Jiang B, Li SC, He MC, Sun HB, Wang L, Qin Q, Yu HC, Luan YC (2017) Study on failure mechanism of roadway with soft rock in deep coal mine and confined concrete support system. Eng Fail Anal 81:155–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Wang Q, Jiang B, Pan R, Li SC, He MC, Sun HB, Qin Q, Yu HC, Luan YC (2018) Failure mechanism of surrounding rock with high stress and confined concrete support system. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 102:89–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Wei D, Wu ZM, Zhou XM, Wang N, Gediminas Kastiukas (2017) An experimental study on crack propagation at rock–concrete interface using digital image correlation technique. Eng Fract Mech 171:50–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Yu X, Zhou YF, Peng SZ (2005) Stability analyses of dam abutments by 3D elasto-plastic finite-element method: a case study of Houhe gravity-arch dam in China. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 42(3):415–430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Yuan R, Zhen PY, Huang Q, Zheng R (2018) Constitutive model and failure criterions for lightweight aggregate concrete: a true triaxial experimental test. Constr Build Mater 171:759–769CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Zhang Y, Xu WY, Zhao HB, Wang W, Mei SH (2014) Experimental study on strength and deformation characteristics of clastic sandstone under triaxial compression. Rock Soil Mech 35(03):666–674 (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  23. Zhao J, Feng XT, Zhang XW, Zhang Y, Zhou YY, Yang CX (2018a) Brittle–ductile transition and failure mechanism of Jinping marble under true triaxial compression. Eng Geol 232:160–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Zhao WS, Chen WZ, Zhao K (2018b) Laboratory test on foamed concrete–rock joints in direct shear. Constr Build Mater 173:69–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Civil Engineering and ArchitectureChongqing University of Science and TechnologyChongqingChina
  2. 2.Chongqing Key Laboratory of Energy Engineering Mechanics and Disaster Prevention and MitigationChongqingChina

Personalised recommendations