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Geotechnical and Geological Engineering

, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 1953–1957 | Cite as

Development of a Neural Network for Earth Surface Deformation Prediction

  • E. N. Grishchenkova
Original paper
  • 90 Downloads

Abstract

Coal industry is one of the largest parts of the world fuel and energy complex, and 36% of the world coal reserves are extracted by underground mining. The process of undermining leads to Earth surface deformations, and it can cause damage and destruction of buildings and structures. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor undermined objects with certain frequency and predict deformations of the territory. The article describes the solution of the prediction problem with the help of neural network technology. The creation of a neural network includes several steps, described in the article in detail: choice of network architecture, preparation and normalization of input data, development of a mathematical model for network calculation, training and testing of the network. Training and testing were done based on the materials of the gas pipeline undermining project. The developed tool allows predicting the Z coordinate for profile line benchmarks for any day of displacement based on the data of instrumental observations.

Keywords

Earth surface deformations Displacement Coordinate prediction Neural network Mathematical analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The author of this paper would like to express her gratitude to the Department of Earth surface displacement and undermined objects protection (Research Mine Surveying Institute, Donetsk) and Department of Engineering Geodesy (Saint-Petersburg Mining University, Saint-Petersburg) for the support of the project.

References

  1. Grishchenkov N (2012) Rationale for step-by-step application of protection measures of linear engineering communications on undermined territories. In: Scientific works of Donetsk National Technical University. Series: Mining and Geological, Issue 16Google Scholar
  2. GSTU 101.00159226.001 – 2003. Rules of undermining of buildings, structures and natural objects in the coal undermining (2004) K.: Introduced 01.01.2004Google Scholar
  3. Instruction of observations of the rocks, Earth surface and undermined structures displacement on coal and shale deposits (1989) M.: Nedra. Approved by the Ministry of Coal Industry USSR 30.12.87Google Scholar
  4. Rules of protection of structures and natural objects from the harmful effects of underground mining in coal deposits (1998) St. Petersburg: Ministry of Fuel and Energy of RF. RAS. State SRI mining geomechanics and mine surveyingGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Saint-Petersburg Mining UniversitySaint PetersburgRussia

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