Hedge row intercropping impact on run-off, soil erosion, carbon sequestration and millet yield

  • H. C. HombegowdaEmail author
  • Partha Pratim Adhikary
  • Praveen Jakhar
  • M. Madhu
  • D. Barman


Reducing run-off and soil loss are important determinants for maintaining productivity and sustainability on sloping agriculture lands. To control water induced soil erosion, a field study was conducted during 2010–2014 to assess the impact of hedge row intercropping on soil erosion, nutrient dynamics, soil moisture and yield of finger millet (Eleusine coracana L.) on 5 and 10% land slope in combination with conservation treatments. The treatment Gliricidia + Trench planting (G + TP) reduced run-off by 29%, soil loss by 45–48%, and loss of soil organic carbon (SOC), N, P and K by 42–47, 62–65, 54–58 and 51–56%, respectively over control. Similarly for Leucaena + Trench planting (L + TP), the values were 17–19, 27–40, 28–37, 42–50, 39–49, and 37–46%, respectively, over control. Reduced run-off in the G + TP treatment increased soil moisture storage by 11–29%. Intensive pruning of Gliricidia plants for 5 years yielded greater fresh leaf biomass (12–17 Mg ha−1 year−1), whereas Leucaena yielded only 4–5 Mg ha−1 year−1. The SOC, N, P and K conservation efficiencies of G + TP were 42–47, 62–64, 54–58 and 51–56% on 5 and 10% land slope, respectively. Gliricidia hedge row intercropping showed promise for improving the conservation potential of the system by maintaining high productivity. Results of this study will act as a technical reference for the adoption of the Gliricidia based hedge row technology for increasing intercrop productivity as well as conserving soil resources in the Eastern Ghats sloping agriculture lands.


Agroforestry Carbon sequestration Contour hedge row Trench Soil erosion and conservation 



Funding supports from ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation as in-house project are gratefully acknowledged.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 2608 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Research CentreSunabeda, KoraputIndia
  2. 2.ICAR-Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied FibresBarrackporeIndia

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