Advertisement

Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems

, Volume 113, Issue 2, pp 141–156 | Cite as

Integrated phosphorus management in maize–chickpea cropping system on alkaline Fluvisol

  • M. S. Venkatesh
  • K. K. HazraEmail author
  • P. K. Ghosh
  • Mohan Singh
Original Article
  • 156 Downloads

Abstract

In tropical agro-ecosystem, crop production is constrained by the reduced availability of soil phosphorus (P) due to strong P fixation. A field experiment was conducted for five cropping seasons on an alkaline Fluvisol to assess the integrated effect of six system-based fertilizer P rate (kg P2O5 ha−1) in maize (M)–chickpea (C) rotation [M0–C0, M0–C40, M30–C0, M30–C40, M60–C0, M60–C40], two manure treatments [no farmyard manure (FYM), FYM at 5 t ha−1], and two phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) treatments [no PSB, PSB seed treatment in chickpea] on soil available-P, soil–plant P dynamics, balance, P use efficiency, and system productivity. Combined application of fertilizer P and FYM had a strong positive impact on soil available-P, soil biochemical properties, P acquisition and crop productivity. Conversely, the effect of PSB was marginal. Treatment M60–C40 + FYM + PSB increased soil available-P by 56% at the end of 5-year rotation; where 53% depletion was noticed in treatment M0–C0 − FYM − PSB (control). Treatments M30–C40 + FYM ± PSB, M60–C0 + FYM ± PSB, and M60–C40 + FYM ± PSB had a positive trend of soil available-P. The order of fertilizer P treatments for P uptake and annual P balance was M60–C40 > M30–C40 > M60–C0 > M0–C40 > M30–C0 > M0–C0. FYM application improved P recovery efficiency by 71%. Soil microbial biomass carbon, dehydrogenase and alkaline phosphatase, and soil pH had significant relationship with available-P (p < 0.01). Notably, treatments M30–C0 + FYM + PSB and M60–C40 − FYM − PSB had a similar effect on maize productivity (4.1–4.2 t ha−1). Likewise, treatments M60–C0 + FYM + PSB and M60–C40 − FYM − PSB were comparable for chickpea productivity (p > 0.05). Therefore, integration of manure and fertilizer P is recommended for increasing the productivity and P use efficiency in maize–chickpea rotation in tropical alkaline soil.

Keywords

Farmyard manure Phosphate solubilizing bacteria Recovery efficiency Soil available-P Apparent P balance Indo-Gangetic plain 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The research work was funded by ICAR–IIPR, Kanpur, India.

Supplementary material

10705_2019_9970_MOESM1_ESM.docx (42 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 42 kb)

References

  1. Andriamananjara A, Rakotoson T, Razanakoto OR, Razafimanantsoa MP, Rabeharisoa L, Smolders E (2018) Farmyard manure application in weathered upland soils of Madagascar sharply increase phosphate fertilizer use efficiency for upland rice. Field Crop Res 222:94–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bahl GS, Singh NT (1986) Phosphorus diffusion in soils in relation to some edaphic factors and its influence on P uptake by maize and wheat. J Agric Sci (Camb) 107:335–341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bolan NS, Naidu R, Mahimairaja S, Baskaran S (1994) Influence of low-molecular-weight organic acids on the solubilization of phosphates. Biol Fert Soil 18(4):311–319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Casida LE Jr, Klein DA, Santoro T (1964) Soil dehydrogenase activity. Soil Sci 98(6):371–376CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chang SC, Jackson ML (1957) Fractionation of soil phosphorus. Soil Sci 84(2):133–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chaudhary RS, Somasundaram J, Mandal KG, Hati KM (2018) Enhancing water and phosphorus use efficiency through moisture conservation practices and optimum phosphorus application in rainfed maize–chickpea system in Vertisols of central India. Agric Res.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s40003-018-0316-8 Google Scholar
  7. Cramer MD, Hawkins HJ, Verboom GA (2009) The importance of nutritional regulation of plant water flux. Oecologia 161:15–24CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. DAC (2012) Compendium on soil health. Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of IndiaGoogle Scholar
  9. Dhillon J, Torres G, Driver E, Figueiredo B, Raun WR (2017) World phosphorus use efficiency in cereal crops. Agron J 109(4):1670–1677CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ehrmann J, Ritz K (2014) Plant: soil interactions in temperate multi-cropping production systems. Plant Soil 376(1–2):1–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fan JW, Du YL, Turner NC, Wang BR, Fang Y, Xi Y, Guo XR, Li FM (2015) Changes in root morphology and physiology to limited phosphorus and moisture in a locally-selected cultivar and an introduced cultivar of Medicago sativa L. growing in alkaline soil. Plant Soil 392(1–2):215–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fogg DN, Wilkinson NT (1958) The colorimetric determination of phosphorus. Anal Land 83:406–414CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gomez AK, Gomez AA (1984) Statistical procedure for agricultural research, 2nd edn. Wiley, New York, pp 84–101Google Scholar
  14. Guppy CN, Menzies NW, Moody PW, Blamey FP (2005) Competitive sorption reactions between phosphorus and organic matter in soil: a review. Soil Res 43(2):189–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hannapel RJ, Fuller WH, Bosma S, Bullock JS (1964) Phosphorus movement in a calcareous soil: I. Predominance of organic forms of phosphorus in phosphorus movement. Soil Sci 97(5):350–357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hazra KK, Singh SS, Nath CP, Borase DN, Kumar N, Parihar AK, Swain DK (2018) Adaptation mechanisms of winter pulses through rhizospheric modification in mild-alkaline soil. Nat Acad Sci Lett 41(4):193–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hinsinger P (2001) Bioavailability of soil inorganic P in the rhizosphere as affected by root-induced chemical changes: a review. Plant Soil 237(2):173–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ibrahim DM, Mostafa AA, Korowash SI (2011) Chemical characterization of some substituted hydroxyapatites. Chem Cent J 5(1):74CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  19. Iyamuremye F, Dick RP, Baham J (1996) Organic amendments and phosphorus dynamics: I. Phosphorus chemistry and sorption. Soil Sci 161(7):426–435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Jackson ML (1973) Soil chemical analysis. Prentice Hall of India (Pvt.) Ltd, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  21. Jenkinson DS, Powlson DS (1976) The effects of biocidal treatments on metabolism in soil-V: a method for measuring soil biomass. Soil Biol Biochem 8(3):209–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kumar SS, Deb S, Bhadoria PB, Mukhopadhyay D, Rakshit A, Choudhury A (2016) Impact of Pseudomonas putida on available soil phosphorus dynamics and crop productivity under lowland rice ecology. Nat Environ Pollut Tech 15(1):227Google Scholar
  23. Li L, Li SM, Sun JH, Zhou LL, Bao XG, Zhang HG, Zhang FS (2007) Diversity enhances agricultural productivity via rhizosphere phosphorus facilitation on phosphorus-deficient soils. Proc Nat Acad Sci 104(27):11192–11196CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Malhi SS, Haderlein LK, Pauly DG, Johnston AM (2002) Improving fertilizer phosphorus use efficiency. Development 85(2):18–23Google Scholar
  25. McCauley A, Jones C, Jacobsen J (2009) Plant nutrient functions and deficiency and toxicity symptoms. Nutr Manag Module 9:1–16Google Scholar
  26. Mitran T, Mani PK (2017) Effect of organic amendments on rice yield trend, phosphorus use efficiency, uptake, and apparent balance in soil under long-term rice–wheat rotation. J Plant Nutr 40(9):1312–1322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Nosratabad AR, Etesami H, Shariati S (2017) Integrated use of organic fertilizer and bacterial inoculant improves phosphorus use efficiency in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) fertilized with triple superphosphate. Rhizosphere 3:109–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Otinga AN, Pypers P, Okalebo JR, Njoroge R, Emong’ole M, Six L, Vanlauwe B, Merckx R (2013) Partial substitution of phosphorus fertiliser by farmyard manure and its localised application increases agronomic efficiency and profitability of maize production. Field Crop Res 140:32–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Peterson GW, Corey RR (1966) A modified Chang and Jackson procedure for routine fractionation of in-organic soil phosphates. Soil Sci Soc Am Proc 30:563–564CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Prasad R (1998) A practical manual for soil fertility. Division of Agronomy, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  31. Rao Idupulapati M, Friesen DK, Osaki M (1999) Plant adaptation to phosphorus-limited tropical soils. Handb Plant Crop Stress 2:61–95Google Scholar
  32. Sanyal SK, Dwivedi BS, Singh VK, Majumdar K, Datta SC, Pattanayak SK, Annapurna K (2015) Phosphorus in relation to dominant cropping sequences in India: chemistry, fertility relations and management options. Curr Sci 108(7):1262–1270Google Scholar
  33. Sardans J, Penuelas J (2012) The role of plants in the effects of global change on nutrient availability and stoichiometry in the plant–soil system. Plant Physiol 160:1741–1761CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  34. Sarwar N, Malhi SS, Zia MH, Naeem A, Bibi S, Farid G (2010) Role of mineral nutrition in minimizing cadmium accumulation by plants. J Sci Food Agric 90(6):925–937PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Sheoran OP, Tonk DS, Kaushik LS, Hasija RC, Pannu RS (1998) Statistical software package for agricultural research workers. In: Hooda DS, Hasija RC (eds) Recent advances in information theory, statistics and computer applications. CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, pp 139–143Google Scholar
  36. Subba Rao A (2010) The 28th Professor JN Mukherjee—ISSS Foundation Lecture-Managing phosphorus for higher efficiency and environmental quality. J Indian Soc Soil Sci 58:S4Google Scholar
  37. Tabatabai MA, Bremner JM (1969) Use of p-nitrophenyl phosphate for assay of soil phosphatase activity. Soil Boil Biochem 1(4):301–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Vance ED, Brookes PC, Jenkinson DS (1987) An extraction method for measuring soil microbial biomass carbon. Soil Biol Biochem 19:703–707CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Vanlauwe B, Kihara J, Chivenge P, Pypers P, Coe R, Six J (2011) Agronomic use efficiency of N fertilizer in maize-based systems in sub-Saharan Africa within the context of integrated soil fertility management. Plant Soil 339(1–2):35–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Venkatesh MS, Hazra KK, Ghosh PK, Khuswah BL, Ganeshamurthy AN, Ali M, Singh J, Mathur RS (2017) Long-term effect of crop rotation and nutrient management on soil–plant nutrient cycling and nutrient budgeting in Indo-Gangetic plains of India. Arch Agron Soil Sci 63(14):2007–2022CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. von Tucher S, Hörndl D, Schmidhalter U (2018) Interaction of soil pH and phosphorus efficacy: long-term effects of P fertilizer and lime applications on wheat, barley, and sugar beet. Ambio 47(1):41–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Waraich EA, Ahmad R, Ashraf MY (2011) Role of mineral nutrition in alleviation of drought stress in plants. Aust J Crop Sci 5:764–777Google Scholar
  43. Zafar M, Rizwan MS, Shahid M (2017) Introduction of composted rock phosphate and poultry manure enhances winter wheat phosphorus use efficiency, grain yield and soil quality. J Plant Nutr 40(13):1887–1899CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Crop Production DivisionICAR–Indian Institute of Pulses ResearchKanpurIndia
  2. 2.Agricultural and Food Engineering DepartmentIndian Institute of Technology KharagpurKharagpurIndia
  3. 3.NAHEPKrishi Anusandhan Bhawan IINew DelhiIndia
  4. 4.Basic Science DivisionICAR–Indian Institute of Pulses ResearchKanpurIndia

Personalised recommendations