Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems

, Volume 113, Issue 1, pp 63–76 | Cite as

Peanut residue distribution gradients and tillage practices determine patterns of nitrogen mineralization

  • Arun D. JaniEmail author
  • Michael J. Mulvaney
  • Heather A. Enloe
  • John E. Erickson
  • Ramon G. Leon
  • Diane L. Rowland
  • C. Wesley Wood
Original Article


Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) harvest practices create residue distribution gradients in the field that lead to spatial and temporal variability in available nitrogen (N) during subsequent crop growth. The objective of this study was to quantify N mineralization from peanut residue loading rates that are reflective of postharvest residue distribution gradients under simulated conventional and conservation tillage. A field study was conducted in Florida, USA beginning in September 2015. Fresh shoot residues were placed in litterbags at loading rates (1.1, 2.2, 4.5, and 6.7 Mg ha−1 on an air-dry weight basis) that were based on the residue distribution gradient measured in the field following harvest. Three tillage scenarios were simulated by placing litterbags on the soil surface (no-till) or burying them at 0.10 m depth in fall or spring (fall and spring tillage, respectively). Litterbags were retrieved periodically over 365 days. Buried residues mineralized N faster than surface residues, even when buried residues had high levels of recalcitrant fractions, as was the case with spring-incorporated residues. Exponential models predicted that during a wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) crop, residue loading rates of 1.1, 2.2, 4.5, and 6.7 Mg ha−1 would mineralize 3–6, 5–12, 24–34, and 35–41 kg N ha−1, respectively, depending on tillage practice. At the same loading rates, N mineralization estimates dropped to 2–4, 3–6, 9–11, and 5–18 kg N ha−1 during a hypothetical cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) crop planted the following spring. These results suggest that peanut harvest and tillage practices cause large spatial and temporal variability in available N following harvest and may partially explain inconsistencies and spatial variability in subsequent crop performance when peanut residues are relied upon as a N source and mineral N fertilization is reduced.


Peanut Carbon Nitrogen Residues Mineralization Tillage 



This work was supported in part by the Florida Peanut Producers Association, administered through the Florida Deptartment of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture Hatch project FLA-JAY-005475. The authors would particularly like to thank Dawn Lucas and James Boyer for assistance with this work.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (JPG 3395 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arun D. Jani
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michael J. Mulvaney
    • 1
  • Heather A. Enloe
    • 1
  • John E. Erickson
    • 1
  • Ramon G. Leon
    • 2
  • Diane L. Rowland
    • 1
  • C. Wesley Wood
    • 1
  1. 1.University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.North Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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