Switching- and hedging- point policy for preventive maintenance with degrading machines: application to a two-machine line

  • Maria Chiara MagnaniniEmail author
  • Tullio Tolio


Maintenance and production are frequently managed as separate activities although they do interact. Disruptive events such as machine failures may find the company unready to repair the machine immediately leading to time waste. Preventive Maintenance may be carried out and maintenance time reduced to the effective task duration, in order to prevent time waste. Companies and researchers have been focusing on policies able to mitigate the impact of Preventive Maintenance on system availability, by exploiting the knowledge about degradation profiles in machines and the joint information from the machine state and the buffer level. In this work, the mathematical proof of the optimal threshold-based control policy for Preventive Maintenance with inventory cost, maintenance cost, backlog cost is provided. The control policy is defined in terms of buffer thresholds and dependency of the thresholds on the degradation condition. The optimal control policy is proved to include a combination of switching points and hedging points, where the first ones activate the Preventive Maintenance for a given condition and the latter ones control the production rate in order to minimize the surplus. An extensive experimental campaign analyzes the impact of system parameters such as the Maintenance duration on the cost function. The results show that there exists cases in which the optimal policy is dominated by the effect of the hedging points or the switching points, alternatively. Therefore, the proposed method is used to provide suggestions to the management for operative decisions, in order to choose the policy fitting best the system.


Manufacturing systems Preventive maintenance Stochastic flow model Optimal control policy 



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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Politecnico di MilanoMilanoItaly

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