Molecular characterization and expression regulation of the factor-inhibiting HIF-1 (FIH-1) gene under hypoxic stress in bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis)
Factor-inhibiting HIF-1 (FIH-1) is an asparagine hydroxylase that interacts with hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) to regulate transcriptional activity of HIF-1. Few studies of fish FIH-1 have been reported to date. In this study, the cDNA of FIH-1 gene was cloned and characterized for bighead carp, Aristichthys nobilis (AnFIH-1). The AnFIH-1 cDNA is 2065 bp in length, encoding a protein of 357 amino acid (aa) residues, which contains a JmjC homology region of the jumonji transcription factors. AnFIH-1 shares high identities with other vertebrate FIH-1 (79.1–96.4%), especially in the JmjC homology region, suggesting its conserved function. During the embryonic stages of A. nobilis, AnFIH-1 had significantly high expression levels in unfertilized egg and blastula. In healthy tissues, its predominant mRNA expression was detected in muscle. The mRNA levels of AnFIH-1 were significantly upregulated in the liver, gill, hypothalamus, and spleen after hypoxic treatment, and then decreased to pretreatment levels after 6-h re-oxygenation. However, in the muscle, continual increasing of mRNA expression was observed after hypoxic shock and re-oxygenation. These results indicate that FIH-1 may play an important role in physiological regulation for adapting to hypoxia stress in A. nobilis.
KeywordsAristichthys nobilis Factor-inhibiting HIF-1 Gene expression Hypoxia
This study was supported by grants from the NSFC (31272647, 31472268) of China. We thank Xinhua Wang, Haiyang Liu, and Xueli Liu for their assistaence in sample preparation and laboratory work.
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