Sex-related differences in aerobic capacities and reactive oxygen species metabolism in the silver eel
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Silver European eels (Anguilla anguilla L.) need to develop important aerobic capacities to cope with their long fasting spawning migration at depth, particularly males which are about half the size of females. Moreover, they have to face potential oxidative stress because reactive oxygen species (ROS) production is linked to the increase in metabolic rate. Thus, aerobic metabolism was globally evaluated in male and female silver eels exposed to a 10.1 MPa hydrostatic pressure (1,000 m depth). Oxygen consumption (MO2), ROS production and antioxidant enzyme activities were measured in the muscle fibres. Males showed a trend in both higher rate of aerobic metabolism and ROS production than females. After pressure exposure, ROS production was inversely correlated to metabolic rate only in males. By facilitating MO2 rise with no harmful effects by ROS, the supposed enhanced aerobic capacities of males could speed up the sustained swimming. In females, the tendency to lower metabolic rate and higher catalase activity would make them less vulnerable to ROS effects. These results are in agreement with the hypothesis for different migration depths between genders.
KeywordsEuropean eel migration Energy metabolism Reactive oxygen species Sex difference
We thank Marie-Paule Friocourt for revision of the English. We are grateful to the EELREP European contract for partially funding this study.
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