Asia-Pacific Financial Markets

, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 187–209 | Cite as

Market Conditions and Calendar Anomalies in Japanese Stock Returns

  • Mostafa Saidur Rahim KhanEmail author
  • Naheed Rabbani


This study revisits calendar anomalies in Japanese stock returns to examine whether they can be explained by market conditions. Results of the OLS and GARCH (1,1) regression models show that most of the well-known calendar anomalies no longer exist in Japanese stock returns when conventional methodologies are used. These calendar anomalies became evident during the Japanese bubble period and disappeared subsequently. To provide new evidence on calendar anomalies in Japanese stock returns, we examine calendar anomalies based on market conditions. We show that the day-of-the-week, January, turn-of-the-month, Halloween and Dekansho-bushi effects became evident in UP market conditions only. They were never evident in DOWN market conditions. All these anomalies are still found to be significant in UP market conditions. Our explanation is consistent throughout the whole sample period and is robust against the choice of index used to measure market returns.


Calendar anomalies Day of the week effect Dekansho-bushi effect Halloween effect January effect Turn of the month effect 

JEL Classifications

G12 G14 


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of EconomicsHiroshima UniversityHiroshimaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Banking and InsuranceUniversity of DhakaDhakaBangladesh

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