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Assessment of the environmental quality of neighbourhoods in the context of sustainable development: case of the Plain West in Annaba, Algeria

  • Fatima ChaguetmiEmail author
  • Mohamed Derradji
Article
  • 16 Downloads

Abstract

This work is a part of the current issues related to environment and sustainable urban development concerns. It focuses on the assessment of the environmental quality of a residential neighbourhood of Plain West in Algeria by a shared diagnosis method for sustainable development “HQDIL” and the indicator repository “INDI”, whose objective is to contribute to a better performance, and improve the environmental quality in the neighbourhoods of emerging countries. This assessment targets four main parameters, namely energy, water, mobility, and landscape and visual quality. The analysis results indicate that the major problems observed in the neighbourhood are primarily related to these parameters. Specific measures and actions are conducted in order to master the current situation of the neighbourhood, such as improving energy and water resources management, and promoting alternative and sustainable modes of urban mobility, by the use of decision support tools. The application of a holistic method that includes both subjective and objective aspects is necessary to determine the advantages and the dysfunctions of neighbourhoods. These can lead stakeholders to better understand their projects. Nevertheless, some limitations are observed concerning the values of references which are not adapted to the local context. That makes it indisputable to establish an evaluation referential for Algeria, and involve a sustainable urban development policy and collaboration between all the people concerned, encouraging participation and communication, and improving legislative texts.

Keywords

Environmental quality Assessment Plain West neighbourhood HQDIL method Sustainable development 

Abbreviations

EUREQUA

Multidisciplinary Assessment and Environmental Requalification of neighbourhoods

LCA

Life-cycle assessment

QUEP

Assessment of the quality of public spaces

HQDIL

Heritage and resources, local environmental quality, diversity, integration and social link

INDI

INDIcator impacts

PDAU

Director plan of management and urban planning

POS

Plan of ground occupation

HQE2R

Sustainable renovation of buildings towards sustainable neighbourhoods

ISDIS

Integrated sustainable development indicators system

PUD

Urban Director Plan

ZHUN

New urban housing zones

SD

Sustainable development

APRUE

National Agency for the Promotion and Rationalization of the Use of Energy

LED

Light-emitting diode

ADE

Algerian Water Company

SONELGAZ

National Society for Electricity and Gas

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Catherine Charlot-Valdieu (Economist specialist in eco-neighbourhood design and assessment and President at Suden Association for the promotion of sustainable urban development) and Philippe Outrequin (PhD in economics, expert on energy issues and sustainable urban development and Author of “La Calade”, a consultancy and help desk in sustainable development and energy strategy) for their support and contributions with assessment tools.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Architecture, Faculty of Earth SciencesBadji Mokhtar-Annaba UniversityAnnabaAlgeria
  2. 2.Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Town PlanningUniversity of Salah Boubnider Constantine 3ConstantineAlgeria

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