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Drivers and consequences of biophysical landscape change in a peri-urban–rural interface of Guwahati, Assam

  • Mrinalini Goswami
  • Sunil Nautiyal
  • S. Manasi
Article
  • 27 Downloads

Abstract

North-east India is constituted of highly diverse ecosystems with unique characteristics with high dependency on primary sector income (86% on agriculture). It is very crucial to look into the issues like agriculture, ecosystem services and sociocultural aspects of endemic population, while urban areas are expanding. This paper examines the issues pertinent to peri-urban expansion with a case study from the biggest city of the region, Guwahati. The scope for sustainable development planning in peri-urban region through analysing spatial, economic, social, institutional and environmental aspects has been incorporated in this paper. Landscape research has been enhanced with temporal and spatial analysis of land-use and land-cover change for better landscape management. Remotely sensed data are the most important data source for land-cover change trajectories over three decades at three points of time (1991, 2001 and 2011) for the selected study landscape. This research explores the temporal composition of the main land-use land-cover classes. The major changes in land-use land-cover classes observed from the study are reduction in natural land cover (from 83.57 to 61.85%) and increase in built-up area (from 0.96 to 15.39%) and agricultural (from 6.01 to 15.59%) uses. Despite the intensification of agricultural land area, there has been decrease in agricultural livelihoods and subsequent reduction in income contribution from natural resource-based livelihoods. These findings on land-use land-cover change can be inferred as the impacts of peri-urbanization leading to degradation of agricultural land, deforestation, deterioration of wetland and wild habitat destruction.

Keywords

Peri-urban Landscape change Impact of urbanization 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Ecological Economics and Natural ResourcesInstitute for Social and Economic ChangeBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Research in Urban AffairsInstitute for Social and Economic ChangeBangaloreIndia

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