Advertisement

Knowledge, valuation and prioritization of 46 woody species for conservation in agroforestry systems along Ouémé catchment in Benin (West Africa)

  • Bruno E. Lokonon
  • Essomanda Tchandao Mangamana
  • Isidore Gnonlonfoun
  • Téwogbadé Jean Didier Akpona
  • Achille E. Assogbadjo
  • Romain Glèlè Kakaï
  • Brice Sinsin
Article

Abstract

The Ouémé catchment abounds an important diversity of woody plant species. However, harvesting pressure on these species seems to lead to threats of their sustainability. Despite this fact, few published studies concerning their conservation have been undertaken. In this regard, our study focused on (1) assessment of impact of socio-demographic factors and climatic zones on knowledge and use of the woody plant species; (2) assessment of the use status of each of these species and (3) ranking within each climatic zone these species according to their priority for conservation. A total of 411 randomly selected informants were interviewed through a semi-structured survey followed by a field survey in 69 random plots of 0.15 ha. Data from available literature were used to complete the surveys. Ecological and ethnobotanical parameters were computed, and the highest priority species for conservation were identified. The results showed significant difference in plant use between women and men, ethnic groups and climatic zones. However, age was not a determinant of plant knowledge. The findings also revealed that more than 50% of native species in the study area are underutilized or widely used by few people. Moreover, six species were identified as priorities and need high conservation efforts in the two climatic zones, namely: Parkia biglobosa, Pterocarpus erinaceus, Milicia excelsa, Prosopis africana, Afzelia africana and Khaya senegalensis. Non-governmental organizations, governments and agroforestry research institutions are entreated to incorporate these species in local development strategies aiming at sustainable management and long-term conservation of native species.

Keywords

Woody plant Local people Knowledge and use Conservation priorities Ouémé catchment Benin 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was funded by International Foundation for Science (IFS) through a research Grant (No. D/5610-1) provided to the first author. We thank this institution and its donors. Thanks are also due to the local people for their generous hospitality. We are also grateful to the reviewers for their relevant comments.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Adhikari, B., Di Falco, S., & Lovett, J. C. (2004). Household characteristic and forest dependency: Evidence from common property forest management in Nepal. Ecological Economics, 48, 245–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Adomou, C. A., Agbani, O. P., & Sinsin, B. (2011). Plants. In P. S. Neuenschwander, B. Sinsin, & G. Goergen (Eds.), Protection de la nature en Afrique de l’Ouest: Une liste rouge pour le Bénin. Nature Conservation in West Africa: Red List for Benin (p. 365). Ibadan: International Institute of Tropical Agriculture.Google Scholar
  3. Ahoyo, C. C., Houehanou, T. D., Yaoitcha, A. S., Prinz, K., Assogbadjo, A. E., Adjahossou, C. S. G., et al. (2017). A quantitative ethnobotanical approach toward biodiversity conservation of useful woody species in Wari-Maro forest reserve (Benin, West Africa). Environment, Development and Sustainability.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-017-9990-0.Google Scholar
  4. Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W. J., & van der Maesen, L. J. G. (2006). Flore analytique du Bénin. Wageningen: Backhuys Publishers.Google Scholar
  5. Akpona, T. J. D., Amagnidé, A. G., Assogbadjo, A., & Glèlè Kakaï, R. (2017a). Factors affecting Pterocarpus erinaceus Poir. seed germination and seedlings growth in the Republic of Benin. Annales des Sciences Agronomiques, 21(2), 153–167.Google Scholar
  6. Akpona, T. J. D., Assogbadjo, A., Fandohan, B., & Kakaï Glèlè, R. (2017b). Inventory and multicriteria approach to identify commercial timber species for priority conservation in Benin. Bois et forêts des tropiques, 333(3), 5–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Albuquerque, U. P., Sousa, T. A. A., Ramos, M. A., Nascimento, V. T., Lucena, R. F. P., Monteiro, J. M., et al. (2009). How ethnobotany can aid biodiversity conservation: Reflections on investigations in the semiarid region of NE Brazil. Biodiversity and Conservation, 18, 127–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Assogbadjo, A. E., Glèlè Kakaï, R., Chadaré, F. J., Thomson, L., Kyndt, T., Sinsin, B., et al. (2008). Folk classification, perception, and preferences of Baobab products in West Africa: Consequence for species conservation and improvement. Economic Botany, 62(1), 74–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Assogbadjo, A. E., Glèlè Kakaï, R., Vodouhê, F. G., Djagoun, C. A. M. S., Codjia, J. T. C., & Sinsin, B. (2012). Biodiversity and socioeconomic factors supporting farmers’ choice of wild edible trees in the agroforestry systems of Benin (West Africa). Forest Policy and Economics, 14, 41–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Assogbadjo, A. E., Kyndt, T., Sinsin, B., Gheysen, G., & Van Damme, P. (2006). Patterns of genetic and morphometric diversity in baobab (Adansonia digitata) populations across different climatic zones of Benin (West Africa). Annals of Botany, 97, 819–830.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Awodoyin, R. O., Olubode, O. S., Ogbu, J. U., Balogun, R. B., Nwawuisi, J. U., & Orji, K. O. (2015). Indigenous fruit trees of tropical Africa: Status, opportunity for development and biodiversity management. Agricultural Sciences, 6, 31–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ayantunde, A. A., Briejer, M., Hiernaux, H., Henk, M., Udo, J., & Tabo, R. (2008). Botanical knowledge and its differentiation by age, gender and ethnicity in southwestern Niger. Human Ecology, 36, 881–889.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Bayala, J., Mando, A., Teklehaimanot, Z., & Ouédraogo, S. J. (2005). Managing Parkia biglobosa and Vitellaria paradoxa prunings for crop production and improved soil properties in the sub-sudanian zone of Burkina Faso. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 37, 533–539.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Belem, B., Boussim, J. I., Bellefontaine, R., & Guinko, S. (2008). Stimulation du drageonnage de Bombax costatum Pelegr. et Vuillet par blessures de racines au Burkina Faso. Bois et Forêts des Tropiques, 295(1), 71–79.Google Scholar
  15. Buyinza, J., Agaba, H., Ongodia, G., Eryau, K., Sekatuba, J., Kalanzi, F., et al. (2015). On-farm conservation and use values of indigenous trees species in Uganda. Research Journal of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, 3(3), 19–25.Google Scholar
  16. Camou-Guerrero, A., Reyes-García, V., Martínez-Ramos, M., & Casas, A. (2008). Knowledge and use value of plant species in a Rarámuri community: A gender perspective for conservation. Human Ecology, 36, 259–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Case, R. J., Pauli, G. F., & Soejarto, D. D. (2005). Factors in maintaining indigenous knowledge among ethnic communities of Manus Island. Economic Botany, 59, 356–365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Dagnelie, P. (1998). Statistiques théoriques et appliquées. Brussels: De Boeck et Larcier.Google Scholar
  19. De Smedt, S., Alaerts, K., Kouyaté, A. M., Van Damme, P., Potters, G., & Samson, R. (2011). Phenotypic variation of baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) fruit traits in Mali. Agroforestry Systems, 82, 87–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Djossa, B. A., Fahr, J., Wiegand, T., Ayihouénou, B. E., Kalko, E. K., & Sinsin, B. A. (2008). Land use impact on Vitellaria paradoxa C.F. Gaerten. Stand structure and distribution patterns: A comparison of Biosphere Reserve of Pendjari in Atacora district in Benin. Agroforestry Systems, 72, 205–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. FAO. (2011). Situation des forêts du monde. Rome: FAO.Google Scholar
  22. Floquet, A., & van den Akker, E. (2000). Ethnic groups and settlement patterns in Benin. In F. Graef, P. Lawrence, M. von Oppen (Eds.), Adapted farming in West Africa: Issues, potentials and perspectives (pp. 255–258). Stuttgart: Verlag Ulrich E. Grauer.Google Scholar
  23. Galeano, G. (2000). Forest use at the Pacific coast of Chocó, Colômbia: A quantitative approach. Economic Botany, 54(3), 358–376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Gaoué, G. O., & Ticktin, T. (2009). Fulani knowledge of the ecological impacts of Khaya senegalensis (Meliaceae) Foliage harvest in Benin and its implications for sustainable harvest. Economic Botany, 63(3), 256–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Gbaï, I., Vodounou, J.-B. & Houndagba, C. J. (2011). La dynamique liée aux effets des activités agricoles sur les écosystèmes dans le bassin supérieur de la Sô au Bénin. Actes du 3eme Colloque des sciences, cultures et Technologies de l’UAC-Bénin.Google Scholar
  26. Glèlè Kakaï, R., & Sinsin, B. (2009). Structural description of two Isoberlinia dominated vegetation types in the Wari-Maro Forest Reserve (Benin). South African Journal of Botany, 75, 43–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Gouwakinnou, G. N., Lykke, A. M., Assogbadjo, A. E., & Sinsin, B. (2011). Local knowledge, pattern and diversity of use of Sclerocarya birrea. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 7, 8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hiepe, C. & Diekkrüger, B. (2006). Soil erosion in the Upper Ouémé Catchment (Benin) considering land use and climate change a modelling approach. Conference on International Agricultural Research for Development, October 1113, University of Bonn, Germany.Google Scholar
  29. Houehanou, T. D., Assogbadjo, A. E., Glèlè, Kakaï. R., Houinato, M., & Sinsin, B. (2011). Valuation of local preferred uses and traditional ecological knowledge in relation to three multipurpose tree species in Benin (West Africa). Forest Policy and Economics, 13, 554–562.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Houessou, L. G., Lougbegnon, T. O., Gbesso, F. G. H., Anagonou, L. E. S., & Sinsin, B. (2012). Ethno-botanical study of the African star apple (Chrysophyllum albidum G. Don) in the Southern Benin (West Africa). Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1746-4269-8-40.Google Scholar
  31. Kater, L. J. M., Kante, S., & Budelman, A. (1992). Karité (Vitellaria paradoxa) and néré (Parkia biglobosa). Agroforestry Systems, 18, 89–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Keyzer, M. A., Sonneveld, B. G. J. S., & Pande, S. (2007). The impact of climate change on crop production and health in West Africa: An assessment for the Oueme River Basin in Benin. http://www.sow.vu.nl/pdf/Rivertwin.pdf. Accessed January 20, 2017.
  33. Koura, K., Ganglo, J. C., Assogbadjo, A. E., & Agbangla, C. (2011). Ethnic differences in use values and use patterns of Parkia biglobosa in Northern Benin. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 7, 42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Kristensen, M., & Lykke, A. M. (2003). Informant-based valuation of use and conservation preferences of savanna trees in Burkina Faso. Economic Botany, 57(2), 203–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Lawin, A. E. (2007). Analyse climatologique et statistique du régime pluviométrique de la Haute Vallée de l’Ouémé à partir des données AMMA-CATCH Bénin. Ph.D. thesis, Université de Grenoble, France.Google Scholar
  36. Lokonon, E. B., Bonou, W. N., Kassa, B., Azihou, A. F., Assogbadjo, A. E., & Glèlè Kakaï, R. (2013). Structural and ethnobotanical characterization of velvet tamarind (Dialium guineense willd), a multipurpose tree species. Agronomie Africaine, 25(2), 121–131.Google Scholar
  37. Lokonon, E. B., Tchandao Mangamana, E., Glèlè Kakaï, R., & Sinsin, B. (2017). Assessing use, diversity and local conservation priorities of woody species within agroforestry systems along Ouémé catchment in Benin (West Africa). Ethnobiology and Conservation, 6, 4.Google Scholar
  38. Lykke, A. M., Kristensen, M. K., & Ganaba, S. (2004). Valuation of local use and dynamics of 56 woody species in the Sahel. Biodiversity and Conservation, 13, 1961–1990.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Muhammad, S., & Amusa, N. A. (2003). Distribution and socio-economics of two leguminous tree species. Global Journal of Agriculture Sciences, 2, 122–126.Google Scholar
  40. Nikiema, A. (2005). Agroforestry Parkland species diversity: Uses and management in semi-arid West Africa (Burkina Faso). Ph.D. thesis, Wageningen University, Wageningen.Google Scholar
  41. Oliveira, R. L. C., Lins Neto, E. M. F., Araújo, E. L., & Albuquerque, U. P. (2007). Conservation priorities and population structure of woody medicinal plants in an area of Caatinga vegetation (Pernambuco state, NE Brazil). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 132, 189–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Ouédraogo, A. S. (1995). Parkia biglobosa (Leguminosae) en Afrique de l’Ouest: Biosystématique et Amélioration. Ph.D. thesis, Wageningen University, Wageningen.Google Scholar
  43. Ouinsavi, C., Sokpon, N., & Bada, S. O. (2005). Utilization and traditional strategies of in situ conservation of iroko (Milicia excelsa Welw. C.C. Berg) in Benin. Forest Ecology and Management, 207, 341–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Ouoba, L. I. I., Rechinger, K. B., Barkholt, V., Diawara, B., Traoré, A. S., & Jakobsen, M. (2003). Degradation of proteins during the fermentation of African locust bean (Parkia biglobosa) by strains of Bacillus subtillis and Bacillus pumilus for production of soumbala. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 94, 396–402.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Paré, S., Savadogo, P., Tigabu, M., Ouadba, J. M., & Odén, P. C. (2010). Consumptive values and local perception of dry forest decline in Burkina Faso, West Africa. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 12, 277–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Schreckenberg, K. (1999). Products of a managed landscape: Non-timber forest products in the parklands of the Bassila region, Bénin. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 8(3), 279–289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Sop, T. K., Oldeland, J., Bognounou, F., Schmiedel, U., & Thiombiano, A. (2012). Ethnobotanical knowledge and valuation of woody plants species: A comparative analysis of three ethnic groups from the subSahel of Burkina Faso. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 14, 627–649.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Tchibozo, E. A. (2014). Landscape characterization and modeling degradation by fragmentation of plant formations: Case of Ketou and Dogo classified forest (East Center of Benin). International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, 3(12), 18238–18251.Google Scholar
  49. Teklehaimanot, Z. (2004). Exploiting the potential of indigenous agroforestry trees: Parkia biglobosa and Vitellaria paradoxa in subSaharan Africa. Agroforestry Systems, 61, 207–220.Google Scholar
  50. Trindade, M. R. O., Jardim, J. G., Casas, A., Guerra, N. M., & Lucena, R. F. P. (2015). Availability and use of woody plant resources in two areas of Caatinga in Northeastern Brazil. Ethnobotany Research and Applications, 14, 313–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Vodouhê, F. G., Coulibaly, O., Biaou, G., & Sinsin, B. (2011). Traditional agroforestry systems and biodiversity conservation in Benin (West Africa). Agroforestry Systems, 82, 1–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Vodouhê, G. F., Coulibaly, O., Greene, C., & Sinsin, B. (2009). Estimating the local value of Nontimber forest products to Pendjari Biosphere Reserve Dwellers in Benin. Economic Botany, 63, 397–412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Vodounou, J.-B. K., Akoegninou, A., & Tchamie, T. T. K. (2011). Dynamique de l’occupation du sol dans le bassin de la rivière Sô au Bénin. Revue Scientifique en Environnement, 7, 81–102.Google Scholar
  54. Yaoitcha, A. S., Houehanou, T. D., Fandohan, A. B., & Houinato, M. R. B. (2015). Prioritization of useful medicinal tree species for conservation in Wari-Maro Forest Reserve in Benin: A multivariate analysis approach. Forest Policy and Economics, 61, 135–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruno E. Lokonon
    • 1
    • 2
  • Essomanda Tchandao Mangamana
    • 2
  • Isidore Gnonlonfoun
    • 1
    • 2
  • Téwogbadé Jean Didier Akpona
    • 1
    • 2
  • Achille E. Assogbadjo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Romain Glèlè Kakaï
    • 2
  • Brice Sinsin
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Applied Ecology, Faculty of Agronomic SciencesUniversity of Abomey-CalaviCotonouBenin
  2. 2.Laboratory of Biomathematics and Forest EstimationsUniversity of Abomey-CalaviCotonouBenin

Personalised recommendations