Environment, Development and Sustainability

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 621–635 | Cite as

Impact of community-based organizations on climate change adaptation in agriculture: empirical evidence from Nepal

  • Uttam KhanalEmail author
  • Clevo Wilson
  • Viet-Ngu Hoang
  • Boon Lee


The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of community-based organizations (CBOs) on the adoption of agricultural adaptations to climate change impacts. To this end, we first analyze farmers’ perceptions on changes in local climatic condition, its impact and adaptations on agriculture based on information collected through a questionnaire survey of 720 farming households in six districts of Nepal. The findings reveal a widespread feeling of weather getting warmer, decreasing precipitation, and increasing weather unpredictability. It is found that climate change has adversely affected agriculture in Nepal, and farmers have adopted various adaptation practices to minimize the impacts. Second, we employ propensity score matching technique to examine the impact of CBOs on climate change adaptation. About 62% of the sampled farming households were associated with CBOs, and several socioeconomic factors influence such association. This study provides evidence supporting the argument that CBOs play important role in reducing the negative impacts of climate change by enhancing the adoption of adaptation strategies. It is also evident from the study the need of further strengthening and institutionalizing the informal farmers’ groups and institutions for the successful adaptation.


Farmers’ organization Climate change adaptation Impact evaluation Nepal 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Uttam Khanal
    • 1
    Email author
  • Clevo Wilson
    • 1
  • Viet-Ngu Hoang
    • 1
  • Boon Lee
    • 1
  1. 1.QUT Business SchoolQueensland University of TechnologyBrisbaneAustralia

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