Empirica

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 247–260 | Cite as

R&D spillovers and employment: evidence from European patent data

  • Massimiliano Agovino
  • Luigi Aldieri
  • Antonio Garofalo
  • Concetto Paolo Vinci
Original Paper

Abstract

In this paper we investigate the role of patents in the relationship between R&D activity, spillovers and employment at the firm level. A reduced-form labour demand equation is estimated. Our analysis is based upon a dataset consisting of 879 R&D-intensive manufacturing firms worldwide for which information was collected for the period 2002–2010. We use data from all EU R&D investment scoreboard editions issued every year until 2011 by the JRC-IPTS (scoreboards). Since the innovation output of the industrial strategy of every firm is the number of patents, the main contribution to the existing literature is to investigate also the impact of patents/R&D ratio and patents/spillovers ratio on employment level. The empirical results suggest a significant impact of R&D spillover effects on company employment although the results differ substantially according to the spillover stock, which may considerably affect policy implications.

Keywords

Regional economics Panel data models R&D spillovers Employment Innovation 

JEL Classification

R1 O33 J20 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to Editor and two referees whose comments greatly improved the quality of the paper. Results, conclusions, views or opinions expressed in this paper are only attributable to the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Massimiliano Agovino
    • 1
  • Luigi Aldieri
    • 2
  • Antonio Garofalo
    • 1
  • Concetto Paolo Vinci
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Economic and Legal StudiesUniversity of Naples “Parthenope”NaplesItaly
  2. 2.Department of Business and Economic StudiesUniversity of Naples “Parthenope”NaplesItaly
  3. 3.Department of Economic and Statistical SciencesUniversity of SalernoFiscianoItaly

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