Assessment of the Cu(II) and Pb(II) removal efficiency of aqueous solutions by the dry biomass Aguapé: kinetics of adsorption

  • Franciele de FreitasEmail author
  • Leandro Dênis Battirola
  • Rafael Arruda
  • Ricardo Lopes Tortorela de Andrade


Plant-based materials are promising adsorbents for treating liquid effluents. This study describes the kinetic and equilibrium parameters that best represent the copper(II) and lead(II) removal process by Eichhornia crassipes (Aguapé) dry biomass from aqueous solution, using a batch adsorption system. The plants were washed, dried, and reduced to small particles. The adsorption kinetics were assessed by varying the metal concentrations in 5, 10, and 20 mg L–1 and a control treatment (without metals) with a mixture contact time of between 5 and 720 min. Equilibrium data were fitted to the Langmuir and Freundlich models. Kinetic assay revealed fast adsorption: kinetic equilibrium was attained within 2 h with a removal efficiency of ~ 60%. The results demonstrated a fast recovery cycle of metals using the biosorbent. The biomass of E. crassipes is low cost with potential for use as a biosorbent to remove metals from solutions.


Biomaterials Biosorption Macrophytes Metals Models Treatment of solutions 


Funding information

This work was financially supported by the Research Support Foundation of the State of Mato Grosso (FAPEMAT) project number 227320/2015; by the Post-Graduate Program in Environmental Sciences, PPGCAM/UFMT-Sinop; by the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES); by the Integrated Laboratory of Chemical Research, LIPEQ/UFMT-Sinop; and by the Funding of Innovation and Research (FINEP).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Franciele de Freitas
    • 1
    Email author
  • Leandro Dênis Battirola
    • 1
  • Rafael Arruda
    • 1
  • Ricardo Lopes Tortorela de Andrade
    • 1
  1. 1.Postgraduate Program in Environmental Sciences, Institute of Natural, Human and Social SciencesFederal University of Mato Grosso (UFMT)SinopBrazil

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