An integrated measurement of six response performance indicators for lead ion-selective electrodes and application

  • Lingzhi Sun
  • Chengjun Sun
  • Xianxiang SunEmail author


A heavy metal ion-selective electrode (ISE) with highly multiple response performances, rather than a high single response performance, is needed urgently for in situ, real-time environmental monitoring. In this study, we present an integrated measurement of six response performance variables such as the response slope, selectivity, dynamical range, detection limit, response time, and lifetime. They are selected and used as the indicators of the quality assessment for Pb2+-ISEs. The measurement, named as electrode comprehensive quality index (IECQ), is a single number for a given ISE. The comprehensive qualities of 114 Pb2+-ISEs reported in the literature were evaluated through the index method. Twenty-one Pb2+-ISEs-based polymer membrane with top 3 IECQ values for seven different properties have been recommended by evaluating and screening of the electrodes. Five Pb2+-ISEs-based polymer membrane with the best single response performance were also provided. The recommended Pb2+-ISEs, along with the corresponding Pb2+-ISEs with the miniaturized configurations, will provide helpful guideline for the application of Pb2+-ISE with highly multiple response performances in real-time environmental monitoring.


Lead ion-selective electrode Comprehensive quality index Overall quality evaluation Screening Environmental monitoring 


Funding information

This work was partially supported by the Summit of the Six Top Talents Program in Jiangsu Province (2012-SWYY-030 and 2017-SWYY-081) and the foundation of Jiangsu Province educational committee (16KJB180031) (L.Sun).

Supplementary material

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of PharmacyYancheng Teachers UniversityYanchengChina
  2. 2.Electrical and Computer Engineering DepartmentNew Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA
  3. 3.School of Petrochemical EngineeringChangzhou UniversityChangzhouChina

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