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Treatment of aqueous wastes by means of Thermophilic Aerobic Membrane Reactor (TAMR) and nanofiltration (NF): process auditing of a full-scale plant

  • M. C. Collivignarelli
  • A. Abbà
  • A. FrattarolaEmail author
  • S. Manenti
  • S. Todeschini
  • G. Bertanza
  • R. Pedrazzani
Article
  • 9 Downloads

Abstract

This work focuses on the Thermophilic Aerobic Membrane Reactor (TAMR) process. The research was carried out on a full-scale facility where, all along a 12-year period, daily monitoring and process audit tests were conducted for the process analysis and optimization. The plant treated -light and high-strength aqueous wastes and two different configurations were adopted: (1) thermophilic biological reactor + ultrafiltration (TAMR) and (2) TAMR + nanofiltration (TAMR + NF). In the latter case, the average chemical oxygen demand removal yield was equal to 89% and an effective denitrification (nitrogen oxides removal equal to 96%) was achieved by reducing the dissolved oxygen concentration in the bioreactor. Low specific sludge production was observed. Poor sludge settling properties were measured by a lab-scale settling test; respirometric tests (nitrogen uptake rate and ammonia uptake rate) showed the presence of denitrification and the inhibition of nitrification. Hydrodynamic tests revealed the presence of a significant dead space, thus showing room for improving the overall process performance. Finally, the rheological properties of the sludge were measured as a function of the biomass concentration, pH, temperature, and aeration scheme.

Keywords

Thermophilic Aerobic Membrane Reactor (TAMR) Aqueous waste Rheological tests Performance assessment Audit tests 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank Idroclean S.p.A. for their technical support to the research.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. C. Collivignarelli
    • 1
  • A. Abbà
    • 2
  • A. Frattarola
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. Manenti
    • 1
  • S. Todeschini
    • 1
  • G. Bertanza
    • 2
  • R. Pedrazzani
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Civil and Architectural EngineeringUniversity of PaviaPaviaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Civil, Environmental, Architectural Engineering and MathematicsUniversity of BresciaBresciaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical and Industrial EngineeringUniversity of BresciaBresciaItaly

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