Degradation of haloacetic acids with the Fenton-like and analysis by GC-MS: use of bioassays for monitoring of genotoxic, mutagenic and cytotoxic effects

  • Amanda Oliveira Mourão
  • Diego Francis Silva
  • Mariandry Rodriguez
  • Thamyris Souza Torres
  • Elton Santos Franco
  • Valter Lúcio Pádua
  • Márcia Cristina da Silva Faria
  • Luiz Fernando Oliveira Maia
  • Jairo Lisboa RodriguesEmail author


In this study, a method was developed to evaluate the degradation of haloacetic acids (HAAs) in water by a heterogenous Fenton-like process catalyzed by cobalt-doped magnetite nanoparticles (Fe3 − xCoxO4), extraction of the contaminants by liquid-liquid extraction (LLE), and analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The developed method was efficient in the degradation of HAAs, with the following degradation values: 63%, 62%, 30%, 39%, 37%, 50%, 84%, 41%, and 79% for monochloroacetic acid, monobromoacetic acid, dichloroacetic acid, trichloroacetic acid, bromochloroacetic acid, dibromoacetic acid, bromodichloroacetic acid, dibromochloroacetic acid, and tribromoacetic acid compounds, respectively. Through the application of the Allium cepa test, the cytotoxicity, genotoxicity, and mutagenicity of HAAs were evaluated. The results confirm its genotoxic and mutagenic effects on Allium cepa meristematic cells. Through this study, it was possible to verify the effectiveness of the developed method and its potential as a proposal for environmental remediation.


Haloacetic acids Fenton-like Degradation Water treatment Bioassay 



The authors are grateful to CAPES, FAPEMIG, CNPq, FUNASA, and UFVJM for financial support and fellowships.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amanda Oliveira Mourão
    • 1
  • Diego Francis Silva
    • 1
  • Mariandry Rodriguez
    • 1
  • Thamyris Souza Torres
    • 1
  • Elton Santos Franco
    • 1
  • Valter Lúcio Pádua
    • 2
  • Márcia Cristina da Silva Faria
    • 1
  • Luiz Fernando Oliveira Maia
    • 1
  • Jairo Lisboa Rodrigues
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Instituto de Ciência, Engenharia e TecnologiaUniversidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e MucuriTeófilo OtoniBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Engenharia Sanitária e AmbientalUniversidade Federal de Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil

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