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Risk element accumulation in Coleoptera and Hymenoptera (Formicidae) living in an extremely contaminated area—a preliminary study

  • Dilnora Mukhtorova
  • Jakub Hlava
  • Jiřina SzákováEmail author
  • Štěpán Kubík
  • Vladimír Vrabec
  • Pavel Tlustoš
Article
  • 22 Downloads

Abstract

The risk element accumulation ability of two groups of epigeic species, insects from families Coleoptera and Hymenoptera (namely Formicidae), was determined and related to soil risk element content and bioaccessibility. The study was conducted in the district of Příbram, Czech Republic, which was characterised by extremely high aged pollution in the soils, including risk elements, especially As, Pb, Zn and Cd, due to the former mining and smelting activity. Four sampling sites differing in their pseudo-total risk element contents were selected and composite samples of individuals representing either Coleoptera or Formicidae were sampled at the individual sampling points. The results indicate the ability of Coleoptera and Formicidae organisms to accumulate risk elements, especially at the location with extremely high soil risk element content. In soil containing up to 841 mg As kg−1, 84.6 mg Cd kg−1, 4250 mg Pb kg−1 and 8542 mg Zn kg−1, contents in insect bodies reached 239 mg As kg−1 As, 24.2 mg Cd kg−1, 70.4 mg Pb kg−1 and 335 mg Zn kg−1 in beetles and up to 20.9 mg As kg−1, 29.9 mg Cd kg−1, 111 mg Pb kg−1 and 657 mg Zn kg−1 in ants. Therefore, bioaccumulation factors (BAFs) varied between 0.02 and 0.55. Increasing Cd content in Coleoptera bodies with increasing soil pseudo-total element content was observed only among the investigated elements. However, the results indicate increasing BAF values with decreasing soil element levels, especially for Cd, Pb and Zn, indicating limited uptake of elements by the organisms living in contact with extremely contaminated soil.

Keywords

Soil Risk elements Anthropogenic contamination Coleoptera Hymenoptera 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Correction and improvement of language were provided by Proof-Reading-Service.com Ltd., Devonshire Business Centre, Works Road, Letchworth Garden City SG6 1GJ, United Kingdom.

Funding information

Financial support was from the GAČR 17-00859S project, and and European Regional Development Fund-Project No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_019/0000845.

Supplementary material

10661_2019_7584_MOESM1_ESM.docx (284 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 284 kb)

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Agroenvironmental Chemistry and Plant Nutrition, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural ResourcesCzech University of Life Sciences PraguePrague SuchdolCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Zoology and Fisheries, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural ResourcesCzech University of Life Sciences PraguePrague SuchdolCzech Republic

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