Trace determination of nickel in water samples by slotted quartz tube-flame atomic absorption spectrometry after dispersive assisted simultaneous complexation and extraction strategy

  • Gözde Özzeybek
  • Bihter Alacakoç
  • Mehmet Yusuf Kocabaş
  • Emine Gülhan BakırdereEmail author
  • Dotse Selali Chormey
  • Sezgin BakırdereEmail author


This study presents a new method for the determination of nickel in aqueous samples by slotted quartz tube-flame atomic absorption spectrometry (SQT-FAAS) after a dispersive assisted simultaneous complexation and extraction (DASCE) process. Synthesized ligand was directly dissolved in the extraction solvent to eliminate the complex formation step prior to the extraction. All parameters of the SQT-FAAS and DASCE method were systematically optimized to improve the detection power of nickel for trace determinations. Under the optimum experimental conditions, the optimized method (DASCE-SQT-FAAS) recorded 137-fold enhancement in detection power over the conventional FAAS. The limits of detection and quantification were determined to be 1.6 μg/L and 5.2 μg/L, respectively. The calibration plot was linear over a wide concentration range and the precision for replicate measurements was appreciably high. Nickel was not detected in five different water samples but spiked recovery tests for three samples yielded results that were close to 100%, confirming the method’s accuracy and applicability to the matrices tested.


Nickel Preconcentration DASCE SQT FAAS 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10661_2018_6884_MOESM1_ESM.docx (19 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 18 kb)


  1. Alothman, Z. A., Habila, M., Yilmaz, E., & Soylak, M. (2012). Solid phase extraction of Cd(II), Pb(II), Zn(II) and Ni(II) from food samples using multiwalled carbon nanotubes impregnated with 4-(2-thiazolylazo)resorcinol. Microchimica Acta, 177(3–4), 397–403. Scholar
  2. Bidabadi, M. S., Dadfarnia, S., & Shabani, A. M. (2009). Solidified floating organic drop microextraction (SFODME) for simultaneous separation/preconcentration and determination of cobalt and nickel by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS). Journal of Hazardous Materials, 166(1), 291–296. Scholar
  3. Büyükpınar, Ç., Maltepe, E., Chormey, D. S., San, N., & Bakırdere, S. (2017). Determination of nickel in water and soil samples at trace levels using photochemical vapor generation-batch type ultrasonication assisted gas liquid separator-atomic absorption spectrometry. Microchemical Journal, 132, 167–171. Scholar
  4. Chormey, D. S., Buyukpinar, C., Turak, F., Komesli, O. T., & Bakirdere, S. (2017). Simultaneous determination of selected hormones, endocrine disruptor compounds, and pesticides in water medium at trace levels by GC-MS after dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 189(6), 277. Scholar
  5. Deng, Q., Chen, M., Kong, L., Zhao, X., Guo, J., & Wen, X. (2013). Novel coupling of surfactant assisted emulsification dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction with spectrophotometric determination for ultra trace nickel. Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 104, 64–69. Scholar
  6. Dos Anjos, S. L., Alves, J. C., Rocha Soares, S. A., Araujo, R. G. O., de Oliveira, O. M. C., Queiroz, A. F. S., et al. (2018). Multivariate optimization of a procedure employing microwave-assisted digestion for the determination of nickel and vanadium in crude oil by ICP OES. Talanta, 178, 842–846. Scholar
  7. Erarpat, S., Ozzeybek, G., Chormey, D. S., & Bakirdere, S. (2017). Determination of lead at trace levels in mussel and sea water samples using vortex assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction-slotted quartz tube-flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Chemosphere, 189, 180–185. Scholar
  8. Escudero, L. A., Blanchet, A. J., Sombra, L. L., Salonia, J. A., & Gasquez, J. A. (2014). Determination of the total and extractable fraction of Ni in lake sediments and natural waters of San Luis (Argentina) by FAAS using a simple solid phase extraction system. Microchemical Journal, 116, 92–97. Scholar
  9. Gonzalez, P. (2002). Determination of nickel by anodic adsorptive stripping voltammetry with a cation exchanger-modified carbon paste electrode. Talanta, 58(4), 679–690. Scholar
  10. Haudet, S. S., Rodriguez, M. A., & Carranza, R. M. (2015). Determining the effect of the main alloying elements on localized corrosion in nickel alloys using artificial neural networks. Procedia Materials Science, 8, 21–28. Scholar
  11. Hol, A., Akdogan, A., Kartal, A. A., Divrikli, U., & Elci, L. (2014). Dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction of nickel prior to its determination by microsample injection system-flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Analytical Letters, 47(13), 2195–2208. Scholar
  12. IUPAC. (1998). Compendium of analytical nomenclature. Qxford: Blackwell Science.Google Scholar
  13. Jalbani, N., & Soylak, M. (2015a). Ligandless ultrasonic-assisted and ionic liquid-based dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction of copper, nickel and lead in different food samples. Food Chemistry, 167, 433–437. Scholar
  14. Jalbani, N., & Soylak, M. (2015b). Separation-preconcentration of nickel and lead in food samples by a combination of solid-liquid-solid dispersive extraction using SiO2 nanoparticles, ionic liquid-based dispersive liquid-liquid micro-extraction. Talanta, 131, 361–365. Scholar
  15. Kocot, K., Pytlakowska, K., Zawisza, B., & Sitko, R. (2016). How to detect metal species preconcentrated by microextraction techniques? TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 82, 412–424. Scholar
  16. Mettakoonpitak, J., Miller-Lionberg, D., Reilly, T., Volckens, J., & Henry, C. S. (2017). Low-cost reusable sensor for cobalt and nickel detection in aerosols using adsorptive cathodic square-wave stripping voltammetry. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 805, 75–82. Scholar
  17. Özzeybek, G., Erarpat, S., Chormey, D. S., Fırat, M., Büyükpınar, Ç., Turak, F., & Bakırdere, S. (2017). Sensitive determination of copper in water samples using dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction-slotted quartz tube-flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Microchemical Journal, 132, 406–410. Scholar
  18. Peeters, K., Zuliani, T., Zigon, D., Milacic, R., & Scancar, J. (2017). Nickel speciation in cocoa infusions using monolithic chromatography - post-column ID-ICP-MS and Q-TOF-MS. Food Chemistry, 230, 327–335. Scholar
  19. Ranjbar, L., Yamini, Y., Saleh, A., Seidi, S., & Faraji, M. (2012). Ionic liquid based dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction combined with ICP-OES for the determination of trace quantities of cobalt, copper, manganese, nickel and zinc in environmental water samples. Microchimica Acta, 177(1–2), 119–127. Scholar
  20. Reclo, M., Yilmaz, E., Soylak, M., Andruch, V., & Bazel, Y. (2017). Ligandless switchable solvent based liquid phase microextraction of nickel from food and cigarette samples prior to its micro-sampling flame atomic absorption spectrometric determination. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 237, 236–241. Scholar
  21. Rezaee, M., Assadi, Y., Milani Hosseini, M. R., Aghaee, E., Ahmadi, F., & Berijani, S. (2006). Determination of organic compounds in water using dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction. Journal of Chromatography. A, 1116(1–2), 1–9. Scholar
  22. Silva, S. G., Oliveira, P. V., Nóbrega, J. A., & Rocha, F. R. P. (2009). Cloud point extraction to avoid interferences by structured background on nickel determination in plant materials by FAAS. Analytical Methods, 1(1), 68. Scholar
  23. Uslu, H., Büyükpınar, Ç., Unutkan, T., Serbest, H., San, N., Turak, F., et al. (2018). A novel analytical method for sensitive determination of lead: Hydrogen assisted T-shape slotted quartz tube-atom trap-flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Microchemical Journal, 137, 155–159. Scholar
  24. Viñas, P., Campillo, N., & Andruch, V. (2015). Recent achievements in solidified floating organic drop microextraction. TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 68, 48–77. Scholar
  25. Wang, S., Meng, S., & Guo, Y. (2013). Cloud point extraction for the determination of trace amounts of cobalt in water and food samples by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Journal of Spectroscopy, 2013, 1–7. Scholar
  26. Weldeabzgi, A., Reddy, D. N., & Mekonnen, K. N. (2017). Spectrophotometric determination of nickel (II) in soil and standard alloy samples using 5-methyl-2-acetylfuran-4-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (5-MAFMT). Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis.
  27. Yang, L., Ding, J., Maxwell, P., McCooeye, M., Windust, A., Ouerdane, L., Bakirdere, S., Willie, S., & Mester, Z.́. (2011). Determination of arsenobetaine in fish tissue by species specific isotope dilution LC-LTQ-orbitrap-MS and standard addition LC-ICPMS. Analytical Chemistry, 83(9), 3371–3378. Scholar
  28. Zambelli, B., Uversky, V. N., & Ciurli, S. (2016). Nickel impact on human health: an intrinsic disorder perspective. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1864(12), 1714–1731. Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryYıldız Technical UniversityİstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Medical Schoolİstinye UniversityİstanbulTurkey
  3. 3.Department of EducationYıldız Technical UniversityİstanbulTurkey

Personalised recommendations