Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Safe utilization and zoning on natural selenium-rich land resources: a case study of the typical area in Enshi County, China

  • 21 Accesses

Abstract

Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element. However, Se in soil is often accompanied by heavy metals, such as cadmium (Cd), because of geological background. The safe utilization of such Se-rich land resources remains a challenge. A typical Se-rich area located in Enshi County, China, was systematically investigated with geochemical and epidemiological methods. The results show that Se in the topsoil is 0.84 ± 1.39 μg/g, whereas that of Cd is 0.93 ± 1.63 μg/g. And the concentration of Se and Cd in corn is 0.22 ± 0.96 μg/g and 0.15 ± 0.32 μg/g, respectively, which is mainly related to the high concentrations in soil. The benchmark dose limit of urinary Cd for β2-microglobulin in subjects (n = 160) was calculated as 3.27 µg/g Cr. In view of crop–human dose effect and combining the relationship among the concentrations of crops and human biomarkers and the concentrations of crops and topsoil, this study established the models of land resource safety zoning. With that, the risk screening value of Cd in the soil could be obtained as 0.98 μg/g in this typical area. The proportions of priority utilization, safe utilization, and strict management of agricultural land area were 58.85%, 22.90%, and 18.25%, respectively, in Enshi, China. These results could provide scientific support for local agricultural development and ecological sustainability.

Graphic abstract

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6

References

  1. Alfthan, G., Eurola, M., Ekholm, P., Venalainen, E. R., Root, T., Korkalainen, K., et al. (2015). Effects of nationwide addition of selenium to fertilizers on foods, and animal and human health in Finland: From deficiency to optimal selenium status of the population. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology,31, 142–147.

  2. Allen, B. C., Kavlock, R. J., Kimmel, C. A., & Faustman, E. M. (1994). Dose-response assessment for developmental toxicity. III. Statistical models. Fundamental and Applied Toxicology,23(4), 496–509.

  3. Alloway, B. J., Jackson, A. P., & Morgan, H. (1990). The accumulation of cadmium by vegetables grown on soils contaminated from a variety of sources. Science of the Total Environment,91, 223–236.

  4. Announcement of the Chinese State Council on Issuing the Action Plan for Soil Pollution Control (2016). http://zfs.mee.gov.cn/fg/gwyw/201605/t20160531_352665.shtml. Accessed 6 Aug 2019. (in Chinese).

  5. Banuelos, G. S., & Ajwa, H. A. (1999). Trace elements in soils and plants: An overview. Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part a-Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering,34(4), 951–974.

  6. Bar-Yosef, B., & Meek, D. (1987). Selenium sorption by kaolinite and montmorillonite. Soil Science,144(1), 11–19.

  7. Chang, C. Y., Yin, R. S., Wang, X., Shao, S. X., Chen, C. Y., & Zhang, H. (2019). Selenium translocation in the soil-rice system in the Enshi seleniferous area, Central China. Science of the Total Environment,669, 83–90.

  8. Chen, J., He, W., Zhu, X., Yang, S., Yu, T., & Ma, W. (2020). An epidemiological study on kidney healthy in an area with high-level soil cadmium and selenium—Does selenium protect against cadmium-induced kidney injury? Science of the Total Environment, 698, 134106.

  9. Chen, H., Yuan, X., Li, T., Hu, S., Ji, J., & Wang, C. (2016). Characteristics of heavy metal transfer and their influencing factors in different soil-crop systems of the industrialization region, China. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety,126, 193–201.

  10. Dang, F., Li, Z. Z., & Zhong, H. (2019). Methylmercury and selenium interactions: Mechanisms and implications for soil remediation. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 49(19), 1737–1768.

  11. Dhillon, K. S., & Dhillon, S. K. (1999). Adsorption-desorption reactions of selenium in some soils of India. Geoderma,93(1–2), 19–31.

  12. Dhillon, K. S., & Dhillon, S. K. (2003). Distribution and management of seleniferous soils. Advances in Agronomy,79, 119–184.

  13. Dinh, Q. T., Cui, Z. W., Huang, J., Tran, T. A. T., Wang, D., Yang, W. X., et al. (2018). Selenium distribution in the Chinese environment and its relationship with human health: A review. Environment International,112, 294–309.

  14. Dinh, Q. T., Wang, M. K., Tran, T. A. T., Zhou, F., Wang, D., Zhai, H., et al. (2019). Bioavailability of selenium in soil-plant system and a regulatory approach. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology,49(6), 443–517.

  15. Du, Y. J., Luo, K. L., Ni, R. X., & Hussain, R. (2018). Selenium and hazardous elements distribution in plant-soil-water system and human health risk assessment of Lower Cambrian, Southern Shaanxi, China. Environmental Geochemistry and Health,40(5), 2049–2069.

  16. Fordyce, F. M. (2013). Selenium deficiency and toxicity in the environment. In O. Selinus, B. Alloway, J. A. Centeno, R. B. Finkelman, R. Fuge, U. Lindh, et al. (Eds.), Essentials of medical geology (pp. 375–416). New York: Springer.

  17. Fordyce, F. M., Zhang, G. D., Green, K., & Liu, X. P. (2000). Soil, grain and water chemistry in relation to human selenium-responsive diseases in Enshi District, China. Applied Geochemistry,15(1), 117–132.

  18. Gu, Q., Yang, Z., Yu, T., Ji, J., Hou, Q., & Zhang, Q. (2019). Application of ecogeochemical prediction model to safely exploit seleniferous soil. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety,177, 133–139.

  19. Gupta, U. C., & Gupta, S. C. (2014). Sources and Deficiency Diseases of Mineral Nutrients in Human Health and Nutrition: A Review. Pedosphere,24(1), 13–38.

  20. He, P. P., Lv, X. Z., & Wang, G. Y. (2004). Effects of Se and Zn supplementation on the antagonism against Pb and Cd in vegetables. Environment International,30(2), 167–172.

  21. Hua, S. H., Luo, S. X., Xiao, Y. J., Luo, Z., & Fan, C. L. (2015). Enrichment of se in soil-crop systems in the selenium-rich region and their effects for the enrichment of heavy metals. In: Proceedings of the 5th international conference on advanced design and manufacturing engineering (Vol. 39, pp. 795–799).

  22. Huang, Y., Wang, Q. X., Gao, J., Lin, Z. Q., Banuelos, G. S., Yuan, L. X., et al. (2013). Daily dietary selenium intake in a high selenium Area of Enshi, China. Nutrients,5(3), 700–710.

  23. Huang, Q. Q., Xu, Y. M., Liu, Y. Y., Qin, X., Huang, R., & Liang, X. F. (2018). Selenium application alters soil cadmium bioavailability and reduces its accumulation in rice grown in Cd-contaminated soil. Environmental Science and Pollution Research,25(31), 31175–31182.

  24. Ismael, M. A., Elyamine, A. M., Moussa, M. G., Cai, M., Zhao, X., & Hu, C. (2019). Cadmium in plants: uptake, toxicity, and its interactions with selenium fertilizers. Metallomics,11(2), 255–277.

  25. Jia, M. M., Zhang, Y. X., Huang, B., & Zhang, H. D. (2019). Source apportionment of selenium and influence factors on its bioavailability in intensively managed greenhouse soil: A case study in the east bank of the Dianchi Lake, China. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety,170, 238–245.

  26. Jordan, N., Ritter, A., Foerstendorf, H., Scheinost, A. C., Weiß, S., Heim, K., et al. (2013). Adsorption mechanism of selenium(VI) onto maghemite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,103, 63–75.

  27. Kuboi, T., Noguchi, A., & Yazaki, J. (1986). Family-dependent cadmium accumulation characteristics in higher plants. Plant and Soil,92(3), 405–415.

  28. Li, F., Fu, B., & Wang, X. (2004). Cadmium and zinc transfer from soil to plant :potential use of two mathematical models. Journal of Liaoning University,31(3), 193–198.

  29. Li, Z., Liang, D. L., Peng, Q., Cui, Z. W., Huang, J., & Lin, Z. Q. (2017). Interaction between selenium and soil organic matter and its impact on soil selenium bioavailability: A review. Geoderma,295, 69–79.

  30. Li, Z., Man, N., Wang, S. S., Liang, D. L., & Liu, J. J. (2015). Selenite adsorption and desorption in main Chinese soils with their characteristics and physicochemical properties. Journal of Soils and Sediments,15(5), 1150–1158.

  31. Li, M., Xi, X., Xiao, G., Cheng, H., Yang, Z., Zhou, G., et al. (2014). National multi-purpose regional geochemical survey in China. Journal of Geochemical Exploration,139, 21–30.

  32. Lv, Y. Y., Yu, T., Yang, Z. F., Zhao, W. F., Zhang, M., & Wang, Q. (2014). Constraint on selenium bioavailability caused by its geochemical behavior in typical Kaschin-Beck disease areas in Aba, Sichuan Province of China. Science of the Total Environment,493, 737–749.

  33. Malagoli, M., Schiavon, M., dall’Acqua, S., & Pilon-Smits, E. A. H. (2015). Effects of selenium biofortification on crop nutritional quality. Frontiers in Plant Science,6, 280.

  34. Mcbride, M., Sauve, S., & Hendershot, W. (1997). Solubility control of Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb in contaminated soils. European Journal of Soil Science,48(2), 337–346.

  35. Missana, T., Alonso, U., & García-Gutiérrez, M. (2009). Experimental study and modelling of selenite sorption onto illite and smectite clays. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science,334(2), 132–138.

  36. MLR (2014). Analytic methods for biologic samples in eco-geochemistry assessment. (Vol. DZ/T0253-2014, pp. 1–38). Beijing: Geology Press. (in Chinese).

  37. MOEE, & SAOMR (2018). Soil environmental quality risk control standard for soil contamination of agricultural land. (Vol. GB 15618, pp. 1–4). Beijing: China Environment Science Press. (in Chinese).

  38. Moulick, D., Santra, S. C., & Ghosh, D. (2018). Seed priming with Se mitigates As-induced phytotoxicity in rice seedlings by enhancing essential micronutrient uptake and translocation and reducing As translocation. Environmental Science and Pollution Research,25(27), 26978–26991.

  39. Murata, K., Budtz-Jorgensen, E., & Grandjean, P. (2002). Benchmark dose calculations for methylmercury-associated delays on evoked potential latencies in two cohorts of children. Risk Analysis,22(3), 465–474.

  40. Murata, K., Weihe, P., Budtz-Jorgensen, E., Jorgensen, P. J., & Grandjean, P. (2004). Delayed brainstem auditory evoked potential latencies in 14-year-old children exposed to methylmercury. Journal of Pediatrics,144(2), 177–183.

  41. Nakamaru, Y. M., & Altansuvd, J. (2014). Speciation and bioavailability of selenium and antimony in non-flooded and wetland soils: A review. Chemosphere,111, 366–371.

  42. Natasha, S., Shahid, M., Niazi, N. K., Khalid, S., Murtaza, B., Bibi, I., et al. (2018). A critical review of selenium biogeochemical behavior in soil-plant system with an inference to human health. Environmental Pollution,234, 915–934.

  43. NHFPA, & CFDA (2017). National Food Safety Standard for Maximum Levels of Contaminants in Foods. (Vol. GB 2762-2017, pp. 1–57). Beijing. (in Chinese).

  44. Oliver, M. A., & Gregory, P. J. (2015). Soil, food security and human health: a review. European Journal of Soil Science,66(2), 257–276.

  45. Peng, Q., Li, J., Wang, D., Wei, T. J., Chen, C. E. L., & Liang, D. L. (2019). Effects of ageing on bioavailability of selenium in soils assessed by diffusive gradients in thin-films and sequential extraction. Plant and Soil,436(1–2), 159–171.

  46. Qin, H. B., Zhu, J. M., Liang, L., Wang, M. S., & Su, H. (2013). The bioavailability of selenium and risk assessment for human selenium poisoning in high-Se areas, China. Environment International,52, 66–74.

  47. Rayman, M. P. (2012). Selenium and human health. The Lancet,379(9822), 1256–1268.

  48. SAMR (2018). Standard for selenium content in selenium-enriched/selenium-containing foods and related products. (Vol. DB 61/T 556-2018, pp. 1–4). Xi’an. (in Chinese).

  49. Sand, S., Victorin, K., & Filipsson, A. F. (2008). The current state of knowledge on the use of the benchmark dose concept in risk assessment. Journal of Applied Toxicology,28(4), 405–421.

  50. Schiavon, M., & Pilon-Smits, E. A. H. (2017). Selenium Biofortification and Phytoremediation Phytotechnologies: A Review. Journal of Environmental Quality,46(1), 10–19.

  51. Schulze, D. G. (2005). Clay minerals. In D. Hillel (Ed.), Encyclopedia of soils in the environment (pp. 246–254). Oxford: Elsevier.

  52. Sharma, V. K., McDonald, T. J., Sohn, M., Anquandah, G. A. K., Pettine, M., & Zboril, R. (2015). Biogeochemistry of selenium. A review. Environmental Chemistry Letters,13(1), 49–58.

  53. Sun, G. X., Lu, X. A., Williams, P. N., & Zhu, Y. G. (2010). Distribution and Translocation of Selenium from Soil to Grain and Its Speciation in Paddy Rice (Oryza sativa L.). Environmental Science & Technology, 44(17), 6706-6711.

  54. Tan, J. A., Zhu, W. Y., Wang, W. Y., Li, R. B., Hou, S. F., Wang, D. C., et al. (2002). Selenium in soil and endemic diseases in China. Science of the Total Environment,284(1–3), 227–235.

  55. Vries, W. D., McLaughlin, M. J., & Groenenberg, J. E. (2011). Transfer functions for solid-solution partitioning of cadmium for Australian soils. Environmental Pollution,159(12), 3583–3594.

  56. Wang, D. F., Wei, Z. Y., Tang, S. M., & Qi, Z. P. (2014). Distribution of selenium and cadmium in soil-rice system of selenium-rich area in Hainan, China. Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences,27(5), 1633–1639.

  57. Wang, D., Zhou, F., Yang, W. X., Peng, Q., Man, N., & Liang, D. L. (2017). Selenate redistribution during aging in different Chinese soils and the dominant influential factors. Chemosphere,182, 284–292.

  58. Wickham, H. (2016). ggplot2: Elegant graphics for data analysis. New York: Springer.

  59. Yang, L., Li, M., Yang, T., & Cao, W. (2015). Study on distribution characteristics of selenium content of surface soil and its influencing factors in Enshi City, Hubei Province. Resources Environment & Engineering, 29(6), 825–829, 848.

  60. Yang, G., Wang, S., Zhou, R., & Sun, S. (1983). Endemic selenium intoxication of humans in China. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition,37, 872–881.

  61. Yang, Z., Yu, T., Li, M., Xi, X., Yun, W., & Ye, J. (2016). Specification for land quality geochemical assessment. (Vol. DZ/T 0295-2016, pp. 1–52). Beijing: Geology Press. (in Chinese).

  62. Yu, D. S., Liang, D. L., Lei, L. M., Zhang, R., Sun, X. F., & Lin, Z. Q. (2015). Selenium geochemical distribution in the environment and predicted human daily dietary intake in northeastern Qinghai, China. Environmental Science and Pollution Research,22(15), 11224–11235.

  63. Yu, T., Yang, Z., Wang, R., Zeng, Q., & Hou, W. (2018). Characteristics and sources of soil selenium and other elements in typical high selenium soil area of Enshi. Soils,50(6), 1119–1125. (in Chinese).

  64. Zhang, H., Feng, X. B., Zhu, J. M., Sapkota, A., Meng, B., Yao, H., et al. (2012). Selenium in Soil Inhibits Mercury Uptake and Trans location in Rice (Oryza sativa L.). Environmental Science & Technology, 46(18), 10040-10046.

  65. Zhang, B. J., Wei, Y. H., Yan, S., Shi, H. X., Nie, Y. Y., Zou, G. X., et al. (2019). Characterization of selenium accumulation of different rice genotypes in Chinese natural seleniferous soil. Plant Soil and Environment,65(1), 15–20.

  66. Zhang, B. J., Yang, L. S., Wang, W. Y., Li, Y. H., & Li, H. R. (2011). Environmental selenium in the Kaschin-Beck disease area, Tibetan Plateau, China. Environmental Geochemistry and Health,33(5), 495–501.

  67. Zhao, C. Y., Ren, J. G., Xue, C. Z., & Lin, E. D. (2005). Study on the relationship between soil selenium and plant selenium uptake. Plant and Soil,277(1–2), 197–206.

  68. Zhu, J. M., Wang, N., Li, S., Li, L., Su, H., & Liu, C. X. (2008). Distribution and transport of selenium in Yutangba, China: Impact of human activities. Science of the Total Environment,392(2–3), 252–261.

  69. Zhu, J. M., & Zheng, B. S. (2001). Distribution of selenium in a mini-landscape of Yutangba, Enshi, Hubei Province, China. Applied Geochemistry,16(11–12), 1333–1344.

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (Grant No. 2017YFD0800304) and the Land and Resources Survey Project of China Geological Survey (Grant Nos. DD20190524-06, DD20160323, and 1212011220319). The authors also gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the China Scholarship Council (Grant No. 201806405022). We thank Dr. Linxi Yuan for helping improve the manuscript. Chemical analysis for corn and soil samples was carried out in Anhui National Research Center for Geoanalysis. We would like to express our sincere thanks to the anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments and suggestions.

Author information

Correspondence to Zhongfang Yang.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Yu, T., Hou, W., Hou, Q. et al. Safe utilization and zoning on natural selenium-rich land resources: a case study of the typical area in Enshi County, China. Environ Geochem Health (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10653-020-00519-0

Download citation

Keywords

  • Selenium
  • Heavy metal
  • Safe utilization
  • Antagonism
  • Enshi