Arsenic removal from groundwater in Kütahya, Turkey, by novel calcined modified hydrotalcite

  • Tuğba TürkEmail author
  • Taha Boyraz
  • İbrahim Alp
Original Paper


Since arsenic is highly toxic and carcinogenic, it now causes serious health problems all over the world. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop new techniques that are cost-effective and easily applicable to remove arsenic from contaminated waters. Layer double hydroxides have the potential to be a good adsorbent to remove arsenic from contaminated waters due to high surface area and high anion exchange capacity. In this paper, arsenic removal from water by calcined Fe–hydrotalcite (CFeHT) known as layered double hydroxide and prepared synthetically with coprecipitation method was researched. The study brings out that the effect of initial solution pH values was limited for the adsorption. The experimental study indicates that the adsorption of arsenic rapidly occured in comparison with other studies. It was determined that the pseudo-second-order kinetic model was more suitable than the first order. In isotherm studies, it was seen that the experimental data were compatible with Langmuir model. In this study was determined that CFeHT has a high arsenic removal potential. And also the concentration of the arsenic solution (600 µg/L) has been reduced below the allowable value by the World Health Organization (< 10 µg/L). The desorption test indicates that the desorption ratio of As(V) was obtained as 72.7.


Arsenic removal Layered double hydroxide (LDH) Calcination 



The authors would like to thank Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK) (Project No: 115Z111) for the financial support of this work.


  1. Ahmad, M. A., Afandi, N. S., Adeogoke, K. A., & Bello, O. S. (2016). Optimization and batch studies on adsorption of malachite green dye using rambutan seed activated carbon. Desalination and Water Treatment, 57, 21487–21511.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Akin, I., Arslan, G., Tor, A., Ersöz, M., & Cengeloglu, Y. (2012). Arsenic(V) removal from underground water by magnetic nanoparticles synthesized from waste red mud. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 235–236, 62–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ananta, S., Saumen, B., & Vijay, V. (2015). Adsorption isotherm, thermodynamic and kinetic study of arsenic (III) on iron oxide coated granular activated charcoal. International Research Journal of Environment Sciences, 4, 64–77.Google Scholar
  4. Bhuiyan, M. M. R., Lin, S. D., & Hsiao, T. C. (2014). Effect of calcination on Cu–Zn-loaded hydrotalcite catalysts for C–C bond formation derived from methanol. Catalysis Today, 226, 150–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chetia, M., Goswamee, R. L., Banarjee, S., Chatterjee, S., Singh, L., Srivastava, R. B., et al. (2012). Arsenic removal from water using calcined Mg–Al layered double hydroxide. Clean Technology and Environmental Policy, 14, 21–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. EPA 815. (2000). Technologies and costs for removal of arsenic from drinking water. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water, EPA 815-R-00-028.Google Scholar
  7. EPA 816. (2003). Implementation guidance for the arsenic rule. United States Environmental Protection Agency, D-02-005, Washington.Google Scholar
  8. Gillman, G. P. (2006). A simple technology for arsenic removal from drinking water using hydrotalcite. Science of the Total Environment, 366, 926–931.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Goh, K. H., Lim, T. T., & Dong, Z. (2008). Application of layered double hydroxides for removal of oxyanions: A review. Water Research, 42, 1343–1368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Guo, Y., Zhu, Z., Qiu, Y., & Zhao, J. (2012). Adsorption of arsenate on Cu/Mg/Fe/La layered double hydroxide from aqueous solutions. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 239–240, 279–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Jiao, F. P., Shuai, L., Yu, J. G., Jıang, X. Y., Chen, X. Q., & Du, S. L. (2014). Adsorption of glutamic acid from aqueous solution with calcined layered double Mg–Fe–CO3 hydroxide. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 24, 3971–3978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kang, D., Yu, X., Tong, S., Ge, M., Zuo, J., Cao, C., et al. (2013). Performance and mechanism of Mg/Fe layered double hydroxides for fluoride and arsenate removal from aqueous solution. Chemical Engineering Journal, 228, 731–740.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kundu, S., & Gupta, A. K. (2007). Adsorption characteristics of As (III) from aqueous solution on iron oxide coated cement (IOCC). Journal of Hazardous Materials, 142, 97–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lee, S. H., Choi, H., & Kim, K. W. (2018). Removal of As(V) and Sb(V) in aqueous solution by Mg/Al-layered double hydroxide-incorporated polyethersulfone polymer beads (PES-LDH). Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 40, 2119–2129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Leist, M., Casey, R. J., & Caridi, D. (2000). The management of arsenic wastes: Problems and prospects. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 76, 125–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Liu, J., & Wang, X. (2013). Novel silica-based hybrid adsorbents: lead(ii) adsorption isotherms. The Scientific World Journal, 2013, 1–6.Google Scholar
  17. Mohan, D., & Pittman, C. U. (2007). Arsenic removal from water/wastewater using adsorbents—A critical review. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 142, 1–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Qin, L., XiaoTian, X., Hao, C., Jianfeng, P., ZhongBo, W., Zengqing, S., et al. (2012). Comparison of two adsorbents for the removal of pentavalent arsenic from aqueous solutions. Journal of Environmental Management, 98, 98–106.Google Scholar
  19. Recillas, S., Garcia, A., Gonzalez, E., Casals, E., Puntes, V., Sanchez, A., et al. (2011). Use of CeO2, TiO2 and Fe3O4 nanoparticles for the removal of lead from water. Desalination, 277, 213–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Sanna, H., Eveliina, R., Song, L., & Mika, S. (2015). Removal of arsenic(V) by magnetic nanoparticle activated microfibrillated cellulose. Chemical Engineering Journal, 260, 886–894.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Türk, T. (2017). Removal of dissolved arsenic by pyrite ash waste. Mine Water and Environment, 36, 255–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Türk, T., & Alp, I. (2010). Adsorption of As(III) from water using Mg–Fe–Hydrotalcite (FeHT). Ekoloji, 74, 77–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Türk, T., & Alp, I. (2012). Adsorption of arsenic from borated water using Mg–Fe–hydrotalcite (FeHT). Ekoloji, 84, 98–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Türk, T., Alp, İ., & Deveci, H. (2009). Adsorption of As(V) from water using Mg-Fe based hydrotalcite (FeHT). Journal of Hazardous Materials, 171, 665–670.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ungureanu, G., Santos, S., Boaventura, R., & Botelho, C. (2015). Arsenic and antimony in water and wastewater: Overview of removal techniques with special reference to latest advances in adsorption. Journal of Environmental Management, 151, 326–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Violante, A., Pucci, M., Cozzolino, V., Zhu, J., & Pigna, M. (2009). Sorption/desorption of arsenate on/from Mg–Al layered double hydroxides: Influence of phosphate. Journal of Colloid Interface Science, 333, 63–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. WHO. (1993). Environmental health criteria 224. Guidelines for drinking water quality. Geneva: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
  28. Yang, Y., Gao, N., Chu, W., Zhang, Y., & Ma, Y. (2012). Adsorption of perchlorate from aqueous solution by the calcination product of Mg/(Al–Fe) hydrotalcite-like compounds. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 209–210, 318–325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Yang, L., Shahrivari, Z., Liu, P. K. T., Sahimi, M., & Tsotsis, T. T. (2005). Removal of trace levels of arsenic and selenium from aqueous solutions by calcined and uncalcined layered double hydroxides (LDH). Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 44, 6804–6815.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Yang, Z., Zhenhua, M., & Xiaojun, N. (2015). Perchlorate uptake from aqueous solutions by calcined Mg–Al layered double hydroxides. Separation Science and Technology, 50, 99–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Yi, H., Zhao, S., Tang, X., Ning, P., Wang, H., & He, D. (2011). Influence of calcination temperature on the hydrolysis of carbonyl sulfide over hydrotalcite-derived Zn–Ni–Al catalyst. Catalysis Communications, 12, 1492–1495.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. You, Y., Vance, G. F., & Zhao, H. (2001). Selenium adsorption on Mg-Al and Zn-Al layered double hydroxides. Applied Clay Science, 20, 13–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Yuan, X., Wang, Y., Wang, J., Zhou, C., Tang, Q., & Rao, X. (2013). Calcined graphene/MgAl-layered double hydroxides for enhanced Cr(VI) removal. Chemical Engineering Journal, 221, 204–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Zazoua, H., Saadi, A., Bachari, K., Halliche, D., & Rabia, C. (2014). Synthesis and characterization of Mg–M (M: Al, Fe, Cr) layered double hydroxides and their application in the hydrogenation of benzaldehyde. Research on Chemical Intermediates, 40, 931–946.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mining EngineeringKaradeniz Technical UniversityTrabzonTurkey

Personalised recommendations