Comprehensive assessment of heavy metals pollution of farmland soil and crops in Jilin Province

  • Jingyao Peng
  • Fengxu Li
  • Jiquan ZhangEmail author
  • Yanan Chen
  • Tiehua CaoEmail author
  • Zhijun Tong
  • Xingpeng Liu
  • Xuanhe Liang
  • Xin Zhao
Original Paper


As a major agricultural province in China, it is necessary to study the content of heavy metals in farmland soil and crop in Jilin Province and to evaluate the risks to ecology and human health. This study presented the work completed on 79 soil samples, 10 rice samples, 66 maize samples and 15 soybean samples collected from Jilin Province farmland and evaluated six heavy metals (Zn, Cu, Pb, Cd, Hg and As) concentrations. The results showed that the concentrations of the six heavy metals in farmland soil and crop samples from Jilin Province basically met the soil standards and food health standards of China. The agricultural soil pollution spatial distribution was the most serious in the south of Jilin Province and the lightest in the west. The non-carcinogenic risks faced by children eating crops were higher than those of adults, but the carcinogenic risks were lower than those of adults. Both of the two health risks to adults and children from eating crops were very limited. The results would help determine the heavy metals pollution in farmland soil in Jilin Province efficiently and accurately and helped decision makers to achieve a balance between production and environmental regulation.


Soil Heavy metal Pollution index Health risk assessment Jilin Province 



This work was supported by the Key Scientific and Technology Research and Development Program of Jilin Province (20190303081SF) and the National Science Foundation of China (41571491 and 41877520). Thanks to the reviewers for their valuable suggestions for this paper.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All the authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10653_2019_416_MOESM1_ESM.docx (22 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 21 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Natural Disaster Research, School of EnvironmentNortheast Normal UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory for Vegetation EcologyMinistry of EducationChangchunPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Vegetation RestorationNortheast Normal UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Jilin Academy of Agricultural SciencesChangchunPeople’s Republic of China

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