Comprehensive assessment of heavy metals pollution of farmland soil and crops in Jilin Province
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As a major agricultural province in China, it is necessary to study the content of heavy metals in farmland soil and crop in Jilin Province and to evaluate the risks to ecology and human health. This study presented the work completed on 79 soil samples, 10 rice samples, 66 maize samples and 15 soybean samples collected from Jilin Province farmland and evaluated six heavy metals (Zn, Cu, Pb, Cd, Hg and As) concentrations. The results showed that the concentrations of the six heavy metals in farmland soil and crop samples from Jilin Province basically met the soil standards and food health standards of China. The agricultural soil pollution spatial distribution was the most serious in the south of Jilin Province and the lightest in the west. The non-carcinogenic risks faced by children eating crops were higher than those of adults, but the carcinogenic risks were lower than those of adults. Both of the two health risks to adults and children from eating crops were very limited. The results would help determine the heavy metals pollution in farmland soil in Jilin Province efficiently and accurately and helped decision makers to achieve a balance between production and environmental regulation.
KeywordsSoil Heavy metal Pollution index Health risk assessment Jilin Province
This work was supported by the Key Scientific and Technology Research and Development Program of Jilin Province (20190303081SF) and the National Science Foundation of China (41571491 and 41877520). Thanks to the reviewers for their valuable suggestions for this paper.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
All the authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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