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Environmental Geochemistry and Health

, Volume 41, Issue 4, pp 1793–1803 | Cite as

Establishment of optimal barley straw biochar application conditions for rice cultivation in a paddy field

  • S. W. Kang
  • J. H. Park
  • S. H. Kim
  • D. C. Seo
  • Y. S. Ok
  • J. S. ChoEmail author
Original Paper
  • 242 Downloads

Abstract

This study was conducted to establish the optimal application conditions of barley straw biochar (BC) for rice cultivation and to determine the effects of combined application of BC and inorganic fertilizer (IF) on rice cultivation in a paddy field. Based on the characteristics of rice growth in pot-based experiments, the selected optimal application conditions of BC were application of 20 ton ha−1 at 14 days before rice transplanting. The effects of BC application on rice cultivation in a paddy field when using those conditions were then evaluated. Each treatment was separated by a control (Cn), IF, BC, and combined BC + IF treatments, respectively. The rice yields in the BC + IF treatment were 38.6, 21.7, and 24.5% greater than those in the Cn, IF, and BC treatments, respectively. In addition, yield components of rice were significantly improved in the BC + IF treatment relative to the other treatments. Following rice harvest, soil status was improved, showing greater soil aggregation stability, decreased bulk density, and increased porosity in the BC-treated areas compared to those in the Cn- and IF-treated areas. At the time of rice harvesting, soil chemical properties such as pH, EC, SOC, TN, Avail. P2O5, and CEC in the BC-treated areas were improved over those in other areas. The results of this study indicate that using BC as a soil amendment is effective at improving rice cultivation and can benefit the soil environment.

Keywords

Barley straw biochar Black carbon Charcoal Rice cultivation Soil environment 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was carried out with the support of “Cooperative Research Program for Agriculture Science and Technology Development (Project No. PJ011227042017),” Rural Development Administration, Republic of Korea. Also, this work was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2017R1A6A3A11034049).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Bio-environmental SciencesSunchon National UniversitySuncheonRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.School of Plant, Environmental, and Soil SciencesLouisiana State University AgCenterBaton RougeUSA
  3. 3.Division of Applied Life Science (BK21 Program) and Institute of Agriculture and Life ScienceGyeongsang National UniversityJinjuRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.O-Jeong Eco-Resilience Institute (OJERI) and Division of Environmental Science and Ecological EngineeringKorea UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea

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