, Volume 28, Issue 10, pp 1143–1149 | Cite as

Variation in Hg accumulation between demersal and pelagic fish from Puruzinho Lake, Brazilian Amazon

  • Lucas Silva AzevedoEmail author
  • Inácio Abreu Pestana
  • Adriely Ferreira da Costa Nery
  • Wanderley Rodrigues Bastos
  • Cristina Maria Magalhães Souza


Aquatic ecosystems in the Amazon are exposed to mercury, mostly from natural sources. Hg accumulation in fish tissues poses a risk to the local population since fish is one of the main sources of protein in the region. The aim of this study was to evaluate Hg distribution in demersal and pelagic carnivorous fish between seasons in Puruzinho Lake in the Brazilian Amazon. Total Hg was quantified in 221 individuals of 8 species obtained during the high water and low water seasons. Two-way ANOVA indicated an interaction between foraging habitat and season. During high water, total Hg concentrations were similar between demersal and pelagic fish, while in low water, total Hg levels were higher in demersal fish. Pelagic and demersal fishes’ Hg levels were similar between the two seasons.


Mercury Feeding habits Amazon Demersal Pelagic 



This work was supported by the CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico) through CNPq/CT-Universal project (Grant no. 458977/2014-4). We are grateful to IBAMA (Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis) for the fish collection license (DIFAP/IBAMA no. 091). Special thanks go to the fisherman Raimundo Nonato dos Santos (“Leleco”). This study was also financed in part by Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoa de Nível Superior—Brazil (CAPES)—Finance Code 001.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All applicable national guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed. Fish sampling was approved by Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis (IBAMA) (license: DIFAP/IBAMA no. 091).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lucas Silva Azevedo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Inácio Abreu Pestana
    • 1
  • Adriely Ferreira da Costa Nery
    • 2
  • Wanderley Rodrigues Bastos
    • 2
  • Cristina Maria Magalhães Souza
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratório de Ciências Ambientais, Centro de Biociências e Biotecnologia, Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy RibeiroCampos dos GoytacazesRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Laboratório de Biogeoquímica Ambiental WCPUniversidade Federal de RondôniaPorto VelhoBrazil

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