Advertisement

Stream drift feeding and microhabitat competition of invasive smallmouth bass Micropterus dolomieu, native Japanese dace Tribolodon hakonensis and pale chub Opsariichthys platypus in the Nogu River, Japan

  • Miles I. PetersonEmail author
  • Satoshi Kitano
Article

Abstract

Foraging behavior and microhabitat use of native Japanese dace, pale chub, and invasive smallmouth bass were studied in the Nogu River, Nagano, Japan. Chub, dace and smallmouth bass all used drift feeding as their dominant foraging behavior. Chub drift fed most frequently, followed by dace, and smallmouth bass drift fed significantly less frequently than both native species. Chub and dace utilized microhabitat that had significantly higher flow velocity than smallmouth bass. However, smaller chub and dace were found in areas with lower flow velocity compared to larger individuals. Prey resource competition between smallmouth bass and native cyprinids, especially smaller individuals, is suspected due to similar feeding methods and microhabitat use.

Keywords

Interspecific competition Foraging method Foraging rate Smallmouth bass Cyprinids Invasion 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the Hokuan-Chubu Fisheries Cooperation for their agreement to allow observation and sampling of fish in the Nogu River. We are grateful to Narumi Kohno and Yoshihiro Sawamoto (Nagano Prefecture Fisheries Experimental Station) for their advice and helpful background information. We are grateful to Hideyuki Ida for his advice in statistical analysis, and Kurt Fausch and Taiga Yodo for their helpful comments. We are also grateful for the detailed comments provided by two anonymous reviews. This project was funded by the Japanese Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport, and Tourism.

Compliance with ethical standards

All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed (IACUC protocol No. Y72A01–1-102).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Arrington DA, Winemiller KO, Loftus WF, Akin S (2002) How often do fishes “run on empty”? Ecology 83(8):2145–2151Google Scholar
  2. Bain MB, Finn JT, Booke HE (1985) Quantifying stream substrate for habitat analysis studies. N Am J Fish Manag 5:499–506.  https://doi.org/10.1577/1548-8659(1985)5<499:QSSFHA>2.0.CO;2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brown TG, Runciman B, Pollard S, Grant ASA, Bradford MJ (2009) Biological synopsis of smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu). Can Manuscr Rep Fish Aquat Sci 2887:1–50Google Scholar
  4. Buynak GL, Gurzynski AJ, Mohr HW (1982) Comparison of the food habits of smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieui) at two stations on the Susquehanna River. J Pa Acad Sci 56(2):127–132Google Scholar
  5. Easton RS, Orth DJ, Voshell JR (1996) Spatial and annual variation in the diets of juvenile smallmouth bass, Micropterus dolomieu. Environ Biol Fish 46:383–392.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00005018 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fausch KD, Nakano S, Kitano S (1997) Experimentally induced foraging mode shift by sympatric charrs in a Japanese mountain stream. Behav Ecol 8(4):414–420.  https://doi.org/10.1093/beheco/8.4.414 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gatz AJ, Sale MJ, Loar JM (1987) Habitat shifts in rainbow trout: competitive influences of brown trout. Oecologia 74:7–19.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00377339 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Grossman GD (2014) Not all drift feeders are trout: a short review of fitness-based habitat selection models for fishes. Environ Biol Fish 97(5):465–473.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-013-0198-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hasegawa K, Maekawa K (2008) Potential of habitat complexity for mitigating interference competition between native and nonnative salmonid species. Can J Zool 86:386–394.  https://doi.org/10.1139/Z08-015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hobson ES (1974) Feeding relationships of teleostean fishes on coral reefs in Kona, Hawaii. Fish Bull 72:915–1031.  https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.16111 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hockley FA, Wilson CAME, Brew A, Cable J (2013) Fish response to flow velocity and turbulence in relation to size, sex and parasite load. J R Soc Interface 11:20130814.  https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2013.0814 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Hughes NF (1998) A model of habitat selection by drift-feeding stream salmonids at different scales. Ecology 79:281–294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Jackson DA (2002) Ecological effects of Micropterus introductions: the dark side of black bass. Am Fish Soc Symp 31:221–232Google Scholar
  14. Johnson JH, Dropkin DS (1993) Diel variation in diet composition of a riverine fish community. Hydrobiology 271(3):149–158.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00005412 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Katano O (2007) Effects of experimental duration and density of Japanese dace Tribolodon hakonensis on the strength of trophic cascades on benthic algae. Oecologia 154(1):195–205.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-007-0827-7 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Katano O, Aonuma Y (2002) An experimental study of the effects of smallmouth bass on the behavior, growth and survival of prey fish. Fish Sci 68:803–814.  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1444-2906.2002.00496.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Katano O, Maekawa K, Iguchi K (1999) An experimental study of interaction and feeding behavior of ayu Plecoglossus altivelis and Japanese dace Tribolodon hakonensis. Fish Sci 65(1):42–47.  https://doi.org/10.2331/fishsci.65.42 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Katano O, Yamamoto S, Nakamura T (2002) Predation of Japanese dace, Tribolodon hakonesis, by largemouth bass, Micropterus salmoides, in experimental aquaria. Ichthyol Res 49:392–396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Katano O, Hakoyama H, Matsuzaki SS (2015) Japanese inland fisheries and aquaculture: Status and trends. Freshwater Fisheries Ecology First edition: pp 231–240.  https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118394380.ch20
  20. Kawanabe H, Mizuno N, Hosoya K (2002) Freshwater fishes of Japan. Yama-kei Publishers, Tokyo, Japan.719 pp (In Japanese)Google Scholar
  21. Koyama H, Nakamura K (1955) Census of cast-net fishing and analysis of the stock in Tribolodon hakonensis and Zacco platypus, Chikuma River, Nagano Prefecture. Bull Freshwater Fish Res Lab 4(1):1–16 In JapaneseGoogle Scholar
  22. Lewis WM, Heidinger RC, Kirk W, Chapman W, Johnson D (1974) Food intake of the largemouth bass. Trans Am Fish Soc 101(2):277–280.  https://doi.org/10.1577/1548-8659(1974)103<277:FIOTLB>2.0.CO;2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Matsuzaki SS, Sasaki T, Akasaka M (2016) Invasion of exotic piscivores causes losses of functional diversity and functionally unique species in Japanese lakes. Freshw Biol 61:1128–1142.  https://doi.org/10.1111/fwb.12774 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Nakamura K (1952) Environment, food habitat, spawning, development, growth, and fisheries of Zacco platypus in Chikuma River. Bull Freshwater Fish Lab 1(1):2–25 (In Japanese)Google Scholar
  25. Nisikawa U, Nakano S (1998) Temporal variation in foraging group structure of a size-structured stream fish community. Environ Biol Fish 52:357–370.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1007363927379 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Pinkas L, Oliphant S, Iverson ILK (1971) Food habits of albacore, bluefin tuna and bonito in California waters. Calif Fish Game 152:1–105Google Scholar
  27. Priyadarshana T, Asaeda T, Manatunge J (2006) Hunger-induced foraging behavior of two cyprinid fish: Pseudorasbora parva and Rasbora daniconius. Hydrobiologia 568:341–352.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-006-0201-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Rahel FJ, Stein RA (1988) Complex predator-prey interactions and predator intimidations among crayfish, piscivorous fish, and small benthic fish. Oecologia 75(1):94–98.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00378819 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Sabo MJ, Orth DJ, Pert EJ (1996) Effect of stream microhabitat characteristics on rate of net energy gain by juvenile smallmouth bass, Micropterus dolomieu. Environ Biol Fish 46:393–403.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00005019 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Scott WB, Crossman EJ (1973) Freshwater fishes of Canada. Fish Res Board Can Bull 184:966Google Scholar
  31. Vigg S, Poe TP, Prendergast LA, Hansel HC (1989) Rates of consumption of juvenile salmonids and alternative prey fish by northern squawfish, walleyes, smallmouth bass, and channel catfish in john day reservoir, Columbia river. Trans Am Fish Soc 120(4):421–438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Ward AJW, Axford S, Karuse J (2002) Mixed-species shoaling in fish: the sensory mechanisms and costs of shoal choice. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 52:182–187.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00265-002-0505-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Yodo T, Iguchi K (2003a) First record in Japan of fluvial reproduction of the alien species smallmouth bass. Suisanzoshoku 51(1):31–34.  https://doi.org/10.11233/aquaculturesci1953.51.31 (In Japanese)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Yodo T, Iguchi K (2003b) Feeding habits of introduced smallmouth bass in lakes Aoki and Nojiri, Japan. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 50(1):47–54.  https://doi.org/10.11369/jji1950.50.47 (In Japanese)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Yodo T, Iguchi K (2004) Feeding habits of the alien species, smallmouth bass in the Nogu River, Central Japan. Suisanzoshoku 52(4):395–400.  https://doi.org/10.11233/aquaculturesci1953.52.395 (In Japanese)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Zanden MJV, Shuter BJ, Lester N, Rasmussen JB (1999) Patterns of food chain length in lakes: a stable isotope study. Am Nat 154(4):406–416.  https://doi.org/10.1086/303250 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EducationShinshu UniversityNaganoJapan
  2. 2.Nagano Environmental Conservation Research InstituteNaganoJapan

Personalised recommendations