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Japanese catadromous fourspine sculpin, Rheopresbe kazika (Jordan & Starks) (Pisces: Cottidae), transferred from the genus Cottus

  • Akira GotoEmail author
  • Ryota Yokoyama
  • Izumi Kinoshita
  • Harumi Sakai
Article

Abstract

The scientific name Cottus kazika has been used for over a century as valid for the catadromous fourspine sculpin endemic to Japan. However, recent DNA sequence analyses have indicated a sister relationship between two catadromous species, so-called C. kazika and Trachidermus fasciatus with a great phylogenetic divergence, separated from a monophyletic freshwater spawning clade including the other Cottus species and Baikalian sculpins. Morphological, life-historical, ecological, and karyological characteristics have also suggested that the fourspine sculpin so-called C. kazika is neither a member of Cottus nor Trachidermus. Therefore, the fourspine sculpin is transferred to the genus Rheopresbe. The genus and R. kazika are re-described. The genus Rheopresbe is discriminated from related genus Trachidermus by not having bony ridges on both nape and cheeks and also by presence of entopterygoid, and from the genus Cottus by having teeth on palatines and four spines on preopercle ridges.

Keywords

Morphology Catadromous life history Karyological features Phylogeny Taxonomy Re-description 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to A. J. Gharrett for his invaluable comments and correcting the English of our manuscript. Thanks are also offered to R. Fujii, N. Takeshita, M. Yabe, F. Yamazaki, the late K. Hamada and S. V. Shedko for their invaluable advices on the taxonomy and phylogeny of the cottid sculpins including the fourspine sculpin.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akira Goto
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ryota Yokoyama
    • 2
  • Izumi Kinoshita
    • 3
  • Harumi Sakai
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Science of Environmental EducationHokkaido University of EducationHakodateJapan
  2. 2.Civil Engineering & Eco-Technology Consultants, Co., LtdTokyoJapan
  3. 3.USA Institute of Marine BiologyKochi UniversityKochiJapan
  4. 4.Department of Applied AquabiologyNational Fisheries UniversityYamaguchiJapan

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