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Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 102, Issue 10, pp 1301–1310 | Cite as

Application of otolith morphometry for the study of ontogenetic variations of Odontesthes argentinensis

  • Fernanda Gabriela BioléEmail author
  • Roberta Callicó Fortunato
  • Gustavo Ariel Thompson
  • Alejandra Vanina Volpedo
Article

Abstract

The study of otolith morphometry is a tool widely used in numerous studies of fish populations (fish stocks, taxonomic, ecological, ontogeny, among others). The aim of this study was to detect ontogenetic variations in the otolith of Odontesthes argentinensis through the application of traditional and geometric morphometry and the association of these variations with ecological and trophic habits of the species. Fish (52 to 360 mm TL) were collected seasonally between years 2013–2016 in the southwest coast of the Atlantic Ocean (36°39’30.96”S - 56°40’40.09”W). Otolith shape indices (circularity, rectangularity, aspect ratio and surface occupied by sulcus) and Fourier descriptors were measured and compared through ontogenetic stages (I, II and III). The three stages analysed in the present study were differentiated by both traditional and geometric morphometry. The four analysed indices showed significant differences between stages (ANOVA Kruskal Wallis test, P < 0.001) and a simultaneous analysis of the morphometric variables also showed significant differences (Hotelling’s T2 < 0.001). The quadratic discriminant analysis performed on the Fourier descriptors showed a clear separation for each defined group. Therefore, the use of both methodologies simultaneously could be considered robust to evaluate the ontogenetic variations in this species. The observed changes could be associated to changes in the habitat throughout its development, to the sexual maturity of fish and to dietary shifting of these organisms.

Keywords

Odontesthes argentinensis Argentina Fourier analysis Morphometric ontogenetic indices 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors are indebted to CONICET (PIP 112-20120100543CO), ANPCyT (PICT 2015-1823), Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBACYT 20020150100052BA) for financial support.

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CONICET, Universidad de Buenos AiresInstituto de Investigaciones en Producción Animal (INPA)Buenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.Centro de Estudios Transdisciplinarios del Agua (CETA), Facultad de Ciencias VeterinariasUniversidad de Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina

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