Advertisement

Environmental and Resource Economics

, Volume 73, Issue 2, pp 697–716 | Cite as

Trading Off Tourism for Fisheries

  • Bui Bich XuanEmail author
  • Claire W. Armstrong
Article

Abstract

This paper presents a deterministic bioeconomic model in which the creation of a marine protected area (MPA) is not only a fisheries management tool but also introduced in order to provide tourism amenity benefits. The theoretical model is illustrated with analysis of the Nha Trang Bay (NTB) MPA in Khanh Hoa province in Vietnam, where the anchovy purse seine fishery is considered. An amenity value function of the NTB MPA is estimated from a discrete choice experiment among national tourists. A weighting parameter is added to the bioeconomic model to allow the establishment of a tradeoff between management preferences regarding the two sectors affected by the MPA, fisheries and tourism. Both the theoretical models and the empirical application show how the added amenity values affect optimal fishing practices as well as the identification of the optimal MPA size. Our applied analysis shows that contrary to the argument in most MPA studies with multiple stakeholders, the current management practice in Khanh Hoa prioritizes the fisheries sector heavily compared to tourism, despite high economic cost.

Keywords

Bioeconomic model Management Marine protected area Fishery Tourism 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Ola Flaaten, Ngoc Quach Thi Khanh for their valuable comments on previous versions of the paper. Thanks to Erlend Dancke Sandorf and Margrethe Aanesen also, for their collaboration. Funding from the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD) is acknowledged.

References

  1. Alban F, Appéré G, Boncoeur J (2008) Economic analysis of marine Protected Areas. A literature review. EMPAFISH Project Booklet, 3Google Scholar
  2. Alexander RR (2000) Modelling species extinction—the case for non-consumptive values. Ecol Econ 35:259–269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Armstrong CW (2007) A note on the ecological–economic modelling of marine reserves in fisheries. Ecol Econ 62:242–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Armstrong CW, Kahui V, Vondolia GK, Aanesen M, Czajkowski M (2017) Use and non-use values in an applied bioeconomic model of fisheries and habitat connections. Mar Resour Econ 32:351–369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Badalamenti F, Ramos AA, Voultsiadou E, Sánchez Lizaso JL, D’Anna G, Pipitone C, Mas J, Ruiz Fernandez JA, Whitmarsh D, Riggio S (2000) Cultural and socio-economic impacts of Mediterranean marine protected. Environ Conserv 27:110–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Balmford A, Gravestock P, Hockley N, McClean CJ, Roberts CM (2004) The worldwide costs of marine protected areas. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 101:9694–9697.  https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0403239101 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ben HX, Tuyen HT, Hoang PK, Long NV, Tuan VS (2015) The status, tendency, and ability to recover coral biodiversity in the Nha Trang Bay. In: Vietnamse: Hiện trạng, xu thế và khả năng phục hồi đa dạng sinh học rạn san hô ở vịnh Nha Trang, vol 21. Institute of Oceanography, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, pp 176–187Google Scholar
  8. Bennett J, Blamey R (2001) The choice modelling approach to environmental valuation. Edward Elgar Publishing, CheltenhamGoogle Scholar
  9. Birol E, Karousakis K, Koundouri P (2006) Using a choice experiment to account for preference heterogeneity in wetland attributes: the case of Cheimaditida wetland in Greece. Ecol Econ 60:145–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Boncoeur J, Alban F, Ifremer OG, Ifremer OT (2002) Fish, fishers, seals and tourists: economic consequences of creating a marine reserve in a multi-species, multi-activitiy context. Nat Resour Model 15:387–411CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bulte E, Folmer H, Heijman W (1998) Dynamic and static approaches to mixed good management: the case of minke whales in the Northeast Atlantic. Eur Rev Agric Econ 25:73–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Christie P (2004) Marine protected areas as biological successes and social failures in Southeast Asia. Am Fish Soc 42:155–164.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-9610(03)00290-3 Google Scholar
  13. Clark CW, Munro GR (1975) The economics of fishing and modern capital theory: a simplified approach. J Environ Econ Manag 2:92–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Conrad JM (1999) The bioeconomics of marine sanctuaries. J Bioecon 1:205–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Dung LD (2009) Nha Trang Bay marine protected area, Vietnam: initial trends in coral structure and some preliminary linkages between these trends and human activities (2002–2005). Aquat Ecosyst Health Manag 12:249–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. FAO (2012) Overview of the world’s anchovy sector and trade possibilities for Georgian anchovy products. Eurofish International Orgnization (February)Google Scholar
  17. Foley NS, Armstrong CW, Kahui V, Mikkelsen E, Reithe S (2012) A review of bioeconomic modelling of habitat–fisheries interactions. Int J Ecol.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/861635 Google Scholar
  18. Grafton RQ, Kompas T, Van Ha P (2009) Cod today and none tomorrow: the economic value of a marine reserve. Land Econ 85:454–469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Halpern BS (2003) The impact of marine reserves: do reserves work and does reserve size matter? Ecol Appl 13:117–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hannesson R (1998) Marine reserves: what would they accomplish? Mar Resour Econ 13:159–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Horan RD, Shortle JS (1999) Optimal management of multiple renewable resource stocks: an application to Minke whales. Environ Resour Econ 13:435–458.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1008261710951 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kim Anh NT, Thuy NTT, Flaaten O (2007) Income sharing systems among purse seine fishermen in Cam Ranh and Nha Trang, Vietnam. Fish for the people 5Google Scholar
  23. Latypov YY, Selin NI (2012) The composition and structure of a protected coral reef in Cam Ranh Bay in the South China Sea. Russ J Mar Biol 38:112–121.  https://doi.org/10.1134/S106307401202006X CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lee JH, Iwasa Y (2011) Tourists and traditional divers in a common fishing ground. Ecol Econ 70:2350–2360CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Long NV, Tuan VS, Hoang PK, Tuyen HT, Khang NA, Quang TM, Hong PTK (2014) Coral Reefs in Van Phong Bay, Khanh Hoa Province: status and management perspectives. Collect Mar Res Works 20:121–134Google Scholar
  26. Lopes PF, Pacheco S, Clauzet M, Silvano RA, Begossi A (2015) Fisheries, tourism, and marine protected areas: conflicting or synergistic interactions? Ecosyst Serv 16:333–340.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2014.12.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Mellin C, Aaron MacNeil M, Cheal AJ, Emslie MJ, Julian Caley M (2016) Marine protected areas increase resilience among coral reef communities. Ecol Lett 19:629–637.  https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.12598 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Merino G, Maynou F, Boncoeur J (2009) Bioeconomic model for a three-zone marine protected area: a case study of Medes Islands (northwest Mediterranean). ICES J Mar Sci J Cons 66:147–154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Micheli F, Halpern BS (2005) Low functional redundancy in coastal marine assemblages. Ecol Lett 8:391–400.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2005.00731.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Milazzo M, Chemello R, Badalamenti F, Camarda R, Riggio S (2002) The impact of human recreational activities in marine protected areas: what lessons should be learnt in the Mediterranean sea? Mar Ecol 23:280–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Moyle BJ, Evans M (2008) Economics development options for island states: the case of whale-watching. Int J Res Island Cultures 2:41–58Google Scholar
  32. Munro GR (1979) The optimal management of transboundary renewable resources. Can J Econ 12:355–376CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Munro GR, Scott AD (1985) The economics of fisheries management. Handb Nat Resour Energy Econ 2:623–676CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Oracion EG, Miller ML, Christie P (2005) Marine protected areas for whom? Fisheries, tourism, and solidarity in a Philippine community. Ocean Coast Manag 48:393–410.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2005.04.013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Phung NH, Van Quang V, Hoa TTH (2002) The fish eggs and larvae in coastal water of Khanh Hoa province. Collect Mar Res Works XII 12:205–214Google Scholar
  36. Pomeroy R, Parks J, Pollnac R, Campson T, Genio E, Marlessy C, Holle E, Pido M, Nissapa A, Boromthanarat S, Hue NT (2007) Fish wars: conflict and collaboration in fisheries management in Southeast Asia. Mar Policy 31:645–656.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2007.03.012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Quang VV (2008) Morphological development, distribution and transport of fish eggs and larvae of anchovy, blue stripes (Encrasicholina punctifer Fowler, 1938) in Khanh Hoa - Binh Thuan water. In Vietnamese: Đặc điểm hình thái phát triển, sự phân bố và vận chuyển của trứng cá và cá bột loài cá cơm sọc xanh (Encrasicholina punctifer Fowler, 1938) vùng biển Khánh Hòa - Bình Thuận’, Doctoral ThesisGoogle Scholar
  38. Rakitin A, Kramer DL (1996) Effect of a marine reserve on the distribution of coral reef fishes in barbados. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 131:97–113.  https://doi.org/10.3354/meps131097 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Rodwell LD, Barbier EB, Roberts CM, McClanahan T (2003) The importance of habitat quality for marine reserve fishery linkages. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 60:171–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Rondeau D (2001) Along the way back from the brink. J Environ Econ Manag 42:156–182.  https://doi.org/10.1006/jeem.2000.1157 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Sarrias M, Daziano R (2016) Multinomial logit models with continuous and discrete individual heterogeneity in R : the gmnl Package. gmnl Package in R (March), pp 1–41.  https://doi.org/10.13140/rg.2.1.5194.0008
  42. Schnier KE (2005) Biological “hot spots” and their effect on optimal bioeconomic marine reserve formation. Ecol Econ 52:453–468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Schuhmann PW, Casey JF, Horrocks JA, Oxenford HA (2013) Recreational SCUBA divers’ willingness to pay for marine biodiversity in Barbados. J Environ Manag 121:29–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Skonhoft A (2007) Economic modeling approaches for wildlife and species conservation. Ecol Econ 62:223–231.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2006.02.025 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Skonhoft A, Johannesen AB (2000) On the problem of over- grazing (In Norwegian: om overbeitingsproblemet). Norsk Økonomisk Tidsskrift 114:151–168Google Scholar
  46. Son TPH, Ha LTT, Ben HX, Long VV (2008) A survey of distribution of coral reef ecosystems of Khanh Hoa coastal water as fundamental source for protection, restoration, and sustainable use. Applied Research. Instititue of OceanographyGoogle Scholar
  47. Thi DV, Bat NK, Nguyen DV, Anh PV, Nghia NV, Ha VV, Thanh ND (2007) Anchovy stock assessment in southwest Vietnam, and the solutions for sustainable management. In Vietnamese: Đánh giá trữ lượng cá cơm vùng biển Tây Nam Bộ và đề xuất các biện pháp khai thác hợp lý. Research Institute of Marine Fisheries, Hai Phong, VietnamGoogle Scholar
  48. Thu HVT, Linh TNM, Duyen CTT, Tu HTNV, Tien TTT, Hung PV, Hai HP, Minh LD, Hien P (2005) Socio-economic impact assessment of the Hon Mun MPA project on local communities within the MPA. Hon Mun Authority, Nha Trang, p 54Google Scholar
  49. Thuy PTT, Flaaten O (2013) The backward-bending supply curve in fisheries-revisited. J Sustain Dev 6:15Google Scholar
  50. Tram Anh NT, Kim Anh NT, Thuy PTT (2012) Enhancing stakeholders’ role in the value chain for sustainable fisheries development: a case of anchovy fisheries in Vietnam, Fish for the people 10Google Scholar
  51. Tuan VS, De Vantier LM, Long NV, Tuyen HT, Hoa NX (2002) Marine and Coastal Habitats of Hon Mun Marine Protected Area, Nha Trang Bay, Vietnam Baseline Survey, March–April 2002. Hon Mun Marine Protected Area Pilot Project Biodiversity Technical Report 5Google Scholar
  52. Tuan VS, Long NV, Tuyen HT, Hoa NX, De Vantier LM (2005) Marine and Coastal Habitats of Nha Trang Bay Marine Protected Area, Khanh Hoa, Viet Nam: Reassessment 2002–2005. Biodiversity Report No 13, (13)Google Scholar
  53. Van DH (2013) Solutions to improve the management of the exploitation and protection of fisheries resources in Nha Trang Bay Marine Protected Area. In: Vietnamese: Giải pháp nâng cao hiệu quả công tác quản lý khai thác và bảo vệ nguồn lợi thủy sản trong khu bảo tồn biển. Master ThesisGoogle Scholar
  54. Viet DDH, Vinh VD, Chien PV, The ND (2014) Simulating the distribution of fish eggs and larvae within the Nha Trang Bay marine protected area. In Vietnamese: Bước đầu mô phỏng sự phát tán trứng cá, cá bột nhóm cá rạn san hô khu bảo tồn biển Vịnh Nha Trang. J Mar Sci Technol 14:368–377.  https://doi.org/10.15625/1859-3097/14/4/5823 Google Scholar
  55. Wells MP, McShane TO (2004) Integrating Protected Area Management with Local Needs and Aspirations. AMBIO A J Hum Environ 33:513–519.  https://doi.org/10.1579/0044-7447-33.8.513 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Xuan BB, Sandorf ED, Aanesen M (2017) Informing management strategies for a reserve: results from a discrete choice experiment survey. Ocean Coast Manag 145:35–43.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.05.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018
corrected publication October 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Economic FacultyNha Trang UniversityNha TrangVietnam
  2. 2.Norwegian College of Fishery ScienceUiT The Arctic University of NorwayTromsøNorway

Personalised recommendations