Spatial Dimensions of Stated Preference Valuation in Environmental and Resource Economics: Methods, Trends and Challenges

  • Klaus GlenkEmail author
  • Robert J. Johnston
  • Jürgen Meyerhoff
  • Julian Sagebiel


An expanding literature addresses spatial dimensions related to the elicitation, estimation, interpretation and aggregation of stated preference (SP) welfare measures. Recognizing the relevance of spatial dimensions for SP welfare analysis and the breadth of associated scholarly work, this article reviews the primary methods, findings, controversies and frontiers in this important area of contemporary research. This review is grounded in a typology that characterizes analytical methods based on theoretical foundations and the type of statistical modelling applied. The resulting interpretive appraisal seeks to (1) summarize and contrast different theoretical arguments and points of departure within the spatial SP literature, (2) synthesize findings, insights and methods from the literature to promote a more holistic perspective on the treatment of spatial dimensions within SP welfare analysis, (3) evaluate and reconcile divergent approaches in terms of theoretical grounding, ability to identify relevant empirical effects, and relevance for SP valuation, and (4) discuss outstanding questions and research frontiers.


Discrete choice experiments Contingent valuation Spatial heterogeneity Distance decay Spatial dependence Spatial autocorrelation Non-market goods Ecosystem services Willingness to pay Willingness to accept 



Stated preference


Willingness to pay


Willingness to accept



The authors thank Jette Bredahl Jacobsen and Danny Campbell for helpful comments on an earlier version of the manuscript, and the participants of the 23rd annual conference of the European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists pre-conference workshop ‘Spatial Dimensions of Stated Preferences’ for contributions and discussions that inspired this article. Jürgen Meyerhoff acknowledges funding by the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (FKZ: FNR-22022614, project ReWaLe - Quantification and regionalisation of economic values of forest ecosystem services in Germany). Klaus Glenk acknowledges funding by the Scottish Government through the Rural Affairs and the Environment Portfolio Strategic Research Programme 2016–2021 (Theme 1: Natural Assets).


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus Glenk
    • 1
    Email author
  • Robert J. Johnston
    • 2
  • Jürgen Meyerhoff
    • 3
  • Julian Sagebiel
    • 3
  1. 1.Land Economy, Environment and Society GroupScotland’s Rural College (SRUC)EdinburghUK
  2. 2.Clark UniversityWorcesterUSA
  3. 3.Institute for Landscape and Environmental PlanningTechnische UniversitätBerlinGermany

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