Are we ready for Gamification? An exploratory analysis in a developing country

  • Kingsley Ofosu-Ampong
  • Richard BoatengEmail author
  • Thomas Anning-Dorson
  • Emmanuel A. Kolog


Integrating gamification in the learning process has become a significant factor in the success of teaching, learning, and research in higher education. Education can leverage gamification by enhancing learning management systems to make learning enjoyable and engaging for students. We, however, lack the underpinnings into factors affecting the acceptance of gamification in education. To help solve this, we tested and extended previous acceptance models. Overall, we explored the users’ perception and acceptance of adding gamification to learning among students in higher education. The results show that Image is an insignificant factor in students’ behavioral intention to use gamification. The current paper contributes to the perceptual process for gamification research in learning; deriving implications for gamification application and pioneering research on gamification acceptance in developing countries. We conclude with opportunities, practical and theoretical implications for researchers and practitioners to extend our knowledge of gamification research.


Gamification supported learning Acceptance of gamification User perception Game elements 


Authors’ contributions

KOA and RB formulated the study idea and developed the conceptual framework. KOA, RB, TAD and EAK designed the data collection instrument and KOA collected the data. KOA, TAD, and EAK analyzed and interpreted the research data. All authors wrote, read, and approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Ghana Business SchoolAccraGhana
  2. 2.Wits Business SchoolJohannesburgSouth Africa

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